ISOLATING VIRUSES FROM FINISHED WATER.

Joan B. Rose, Charles P Gerba, Shri N. Singh, Gary A. Toranzos, Bruce Keswick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Reduction of enteroviruses and rotaviruses averaged 81 and 93 percent, respectively, at a full-scale 205-mgd (776-ML/d) plant whose treatment train includes chemical flocculation, sand filtration, and chlorination. The highest reduction of enteroviruses occurred during prechlorination-flocculation and filtration, whereas the highest reduction of rotaviruses occurred during prechlorination-clarification and final chlorination. Enteroviruses or rotaviruses occurred in 24 percent of the finished water samples, which had greater than 0. 2 mg free chlorine/L and met coliform bacteria (1/100 mL) and turbidity (1 ntu) standards. Although major plant deficiencies may have been responsible for the occurrence of viruses in the finished water, the results of this study indicate that finished water, with measurable levels of free residual chlorine and meeting standards for coliform bacteria and turbidity, cannot be assumed to be virus free.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)56-61
Number of pages6
JournalJournal - American Water Works Association
Volume78
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1986
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Viruses
Coliform bacteria
virus
coliform bacterium
Chlorination
Chlorine
Flocculation
Turbidity
chlorination
flocculation
Water
turbidity
chlorine
water
train
Sand
sand
enterovirus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Water Science and Technology

Cite this

Rose, J. B., Gerba, C. P., Singh, S. N., Toranzos, G. A., & Keswick, B. (1986). ISOLATING VIRUSES FROM FINISHED WATER. Journal - American Water Works Association, 78(1), 56-61.

ISOLATING VIRUSES FROM FINISHED WATER. / Rose, Joan B.; Gerba, Charles P; Singh, Shri N.; Toranzos, Gary A.; Keswick, Bruce.

In: Journal - American Water Works Association, Vol. 78, No. 1, 01.1986, p. 56-61.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Rose, JB, Gerba, CP, Singh, SN, Toranzos, GA & Keswick, B 1986, 'ISOLATING VIRUSES FROM FINISHED WATER.', Journal - American Water Works Association, vol. 78, no. 1, pp. 56-61.
Rose JB, Gerba CP, Singh SN, Toranzos GA, Keswick B. ISOLATING VIRUSES FROM FINISHED WATER. Journal - American Water Works Association. 1986 Jan;78(1):56-61.
Rose, Joan B. ; Gerba, Charles P ; Singh, Shri N. ; Toranzos, Gary A. ; Keswick, Bruce. / ISOLATING VIRUSES FROM FINISHED WATER. In: Journal - American Water Works Association. 1986 ; Vol. 78, No. 1. pp. 56-61.
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