"Justice" and "fairness" are not the same thing

Barry M Goldman, Russell Cropanzano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Scopus citations


Organizational justice researchers tend to treat as synonyms the terms "justice" and "fairness". We discuss different definitional arguments, concluding that these two concepts are distinct. Justice should be defined as adherence to rules of conduct, whereas fairness should be defined as individuals' moral evaluations of this conduct.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)313-318
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Organizational Behavior
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2015



  • Fairness
  • Legal justice
  • Organizational justice

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Applied Psychology
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
  • Sociology and Political Science

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