Ketoconazole inhibition of testicular secretion of testosterone and displacement of steroid hormones from serum transport proteins

D. S. Grosso, T. W. Boyden, R. W. Pamenter, D. G. Johnson, D. A. Stevens, J. N. Galgiani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

47 Scopus citations

Abstract

In vivo perfusion of canine testes with ketoconazole inhibited the stimulation of testosterone production by human chorionic gonadotropin in a dose-dependent manner. Ketoconazole also selectively displaced steroids from serum-binding globulins. Dihydrotestosterone and estradiol binding to sex hormone-binding globulin were inhibited by ketoconazole. Cortisol binding to corticosteroid-binding globulin was unaffected. The concentrations of ketoconazole that inhibited human chorionic gonadotropin stimulation of testicular androgen production and displaced sex steroids from sex hormone-binding globulin were in the range of blood levels found in patients on higher therapeutic dosage regimens. Suppression of testicular testosterone synthesis and displacement of estrogens from sex hormone-binding globulin may decrease the androgen/estrogen ratio of the blood and contribute to the development of gynecomastia that has been reported in some ketoconazole-treated patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)207-212
Number of pages6
JournalUnknown Journal
Volume23
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1983
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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