Kinesic Patterning in Deceptive and Truthful Interactions

Judee K Burgoon, Ryan Schuetzler, David W. Wilson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A persistent question in the deception literature has been the extent to which nonverbal behaviors can reliably distinguish between truth and deception. It has been argued that deception instigates cognitive load and arousal that are betrayed through visible nonverbal indicators. Yet, empirical evidence has often failed to find statistically significant or strong relationships. Given that interpersonal message production is characterized by a high degree of simultaneous and serial patterning among multiple behaviors, it may be that patterns of behaviors are more diagnostic of veracity. Or it may be that the theorized linkage between internal states of arousal, cognitive taxation, and efforts to control behavior and nonverbal behaviors are wrong. The current investigation addressed these possibilities by applying a software program called THEME to analyze the patterns of kinesic movements (adaptor gestures, illustrator gestures, and speaker and listener head movements) rated by trained coders for participants in a mock crime experiment. Our multifaceted analysis revealed that the quantity and quality of patterns distinguish truths from untruths. Quantitative and qualitative analyses conducted by case and condition revealed high variability in the types and complexities of patterns that were produced and differences between truthful and deceptive respondents questioned about a theft. Patterns incorporating adaptors and illustrator gestures were correlated in counterintuitive ways with arousal, cognitive load, and behavioral control, and qualitative analyses produced unique insights into truthful and untruthful communication.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Nonverbal Behavior
Volume39
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2015

Fingerprint

Kinesics
Gestures
Deception
Arousal
Theft
Head Movements
Behavior Control
Taxes
Crime
Software
Communication

Keywords

  • Deception
  • Interpersonal communication
  • Kinesics
  • Patterns
  • THEME

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology

Cite this

Kinesic Patterning in Deceptive and Truthful Interactions. / Burgoon, Judee K; Schuetzler, Ryan; W. Wilson, David.

In: Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, Vol. 39, No. 1, 2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Burgoon, Judee K ; Schuetzler, Ryan ; W. Wilson, David. / Kinesic Patterning in Deceptive and Truthful Interactions. In: Journal of Nonverbal Behavior. 2015 ; Vol. 39, No. 1.
@article{66ee99eeaa8b437dbaa92be33bf6a0ef,
title = "Kinesic Patterning in Deceptive and Truthful Interactions",
abstract = "A persistent question in the deception literature has been the extent to which nonverbal behaviors can reliably distinguish between truth and deception. It has been argued that deception instigates cognitive load and arousal that are betrayed through visible nonverbal indicators. Yet, empirical evidence has often failed to find statistically significant or strong relationships. Given that interpersonal message production is characterized by a high degree of simultaneous and serial patterning among multiple behaviors, it may be that patterns of behaviors are more diagnostic of veracity. Or it may be that the theorized linkage between internal states of arousal, cognitive taxation, and efforts to control behavior and nonverbal behaviors are wrong. The current investigation addressed these possibilities by applying a software program called THEME to analyze the patterns of kinesic movements (adaptor gestures, illustrator gestures, and speaker and listener head movements) rated by trained coders for participants in a mock crime experiment. Our multifaceted analysis revealed that the quantity and quality of patterns distinguish truths from untruths. Quantitative and qualitative analyses conducted by case and condition revealed high variability in the types and complexities of patterns that were produced and differences between truthful and deceptive respondents questioned about a theft. Patterns incorporating adaptors and illustrator gestures were correlated in counterintuitive ways with arousal, cognitive load, and behavioral control, and qualitative analyses produced unique insights into truthful and untruthful communication.",
keywords = "Deception, Interpersonal communication, Kinesics, Patterns, THEME",
author = "Burgoon, {Judee K} and Ryan Schuetzler and {W. Wilson}, David",
year = "2015",
doi = "10.1007/s10919-014-0190-4",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "39",
journal = "Environmental Psychology and Nonverbal Behavior",
issn = "0361-3496",
publisher = "Kluwer Academic/Human Sciences Press Inc.",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Kinesic Patterning in Deceptive and Truthful Interactions

AU - Burgoon, Judee K

AU - Schuetzler, Ryan

AU - W. Wilson, David

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - A persistent question in the deception literature has been the extent to which nonverbal behaviors can reliably distinguish between truth and deception. It has been argued that deception instigates cognitive load and arousal that are betrayed through visible nonverbal indicators. Yet, empirical evidence has often failed to find statistically significant or strong relationships. Given that interpersonal message production is characterized by a high degree of simultaneous and serial patterning among multiple behaviors, it may be that patterns of behaviors are more diagnostic of veracity. Or it may be that the theorized linkage between internal states of arousal, cognitive taxation, and efforts to control behavior and nonverbal behaviors are wrong. The current investigation addressed these possibilities by applying a software program called THEME to analyze the patterns of kinesic movements (adaptor gestures, illustrator gestures, and speaker and listener head movements) rated by trained coders for participants in a mock crime experiment. Our multifaceted analysis revealed that the quantity and quality of patterns distinguish truths from untruths. Quantitative and qualitative analyses conducted by case and condition revealed high variability in the types and complexities of patterns that were produced and differences between truthful and deceptive respondents questioned about a theft. Patterns incorporating adaptors and illustrator gestures were correlated in counterintuitive ways with arousal, cognitive load, and behavioral control, and qualitative analyses produced unique insights into truthful and untruthful communication.

AB - A persistent question in the deception literature has been the extent to which nonverbal behaviors can reliably distinguish between truth and deception. It has been argued that deception instigates cognitive load and arousal that are betrayed through visible nonverbal indicators. Yet, empirical evidence has often failed to find statistically significant or strong relationships. Given that interpersonal message production is characterized by a high degree of simultaneous and serial patterning among multiple behaviors, it may be that patterns of behaviors are more diagnostic of veracity. Or it may be that the theorized linkage between internal states of arousal, cognitive taxation, and efforts to control behavior and nonverbal behaviors are wrong. The current investigation addressed these possibilities by applying a software program called THEME to analyze the patterns of kinesic movements (adaptor gestures, illustrator gestures, and speaker and listener head movements) rated by trained coders for participants in a mock crime experiment. Our multifaceted analysis revealed that the quantity and quality of patterns distinguish truths from untruths. Quantitative and qualitative analyses conducted by case and condition revealed high variability in the types and complexities of patterns that were produced and differences between truthful and deceptive respondents questioned about a theft. Patterns incorporating adaptors and illustrator gestures were correlated in counterintuitive ways with arousal, cognitive load, and behavioral control, and qualitative analyses produced unique insights into truthful and untruthful communication.

KW - Deception

KW - Interpersonal communication

KW - Kinesics

KW - Patterns

KW - THEME

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84943588424&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84943588424&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s10919-014-0190-4

DO - 10.1007/s10919-014-0190-4

M3 - Article

VL - 39

JO - Environmental Psychology and Nonverbal Behavior

JF - Environmental Psychology and Nonverbal Behavior

SN - 0361-3496

IS - 1

ER -