Kinetic and Mechanism Studies Using Shrinking Core Model for Copper Leaching from Chalcopyrite in Methanesulfonic Acid with Hydrogen Peroxide

Jiajia Wu, Junmo Ahn, Jaeheon Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

An investigation on copper leaching from a chalcopyrite concentrate in methanesulfonic acid (MSA) and hydrogen peroxide at 75°C was carried out. Periodic additions of H2O2 were applied to enhance chalcopyrite dissolution and the reaction mechanism was analyzed using a shrinking core model. The results revealed that compared with the addition of H2O2 at the very beginning, periodic additions of H2O2 enhanced copper extraction and leaching kinetics, and the rate-determining step shifted from the diffusion of oxidant to the surface chemical reaction. The reaction orders with respect to MSA and H2O2 were found to be 0.19 and 1.26, respectively, suggesting the leaching process was highly dependent on H2O2 concentration. Calculated activation energy between the temperature range of 25–75°C was 79.8 kJ/mol. Detailed study also indicated the reaction mechanism is diffusion-controlled through a protective sulfur layer at lower temperature and surface chemical reaction-controlled at temperatures higher than 55°C. Overall, the MSA–H2O2 leaching system is a green method for chalcopyrite leaching and a possible flowsheet in the industrial application with the periodic additions of H2O2.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalMineral Processing and Extractive Metallurgy Review
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2020

Keywords

  • Chalcopyrite
  • hydrogen peroxide
  • methanesulfonic acid
  • reaction mechanism
  • shrinking core model

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Economic Geology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Kinetic and Mechanism Studies Using Shrinking Core Model for Copper Leaching from Chalcopyrite in Methanesulfonic Acid with Hydrogen Peroxide'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this