Elemental iron and zinc reduced part-per-thousand levels of aqueous-phase carbon tetrachloride to chloroform in a few hours. Free metal ions, chloride ion and hydrogen gas were produced in the reaction; protons were consumed. Process kinetics were dependent on solution pH, surface area of the elemental metal, carbon tetrachloride concentration, buffer selection and solvent composition (volume fraction 2-propanol). Reaction rate was first-order with respect to carbon tetrachloride at concentrations less than 7.5 mM. This class of reactions offers promise as a means for initiating the destruction of heavily halogenated organic compounds.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Environmental Engineering
- Environmental Chemistry
- Waste Management and Disposal
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis