Kinetics of sodium succinate cotransport across renal brush-border membranes

S. H. Wright, B. Hirayama, J. D. Kaunitz, I. Kippen, E. M. Wright

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64 Scopus citations

Abstract

The kinetics of Na/succinate cotransport across renal brush-borders was studied using membrane vesicles. Initial rates of succinate uptake (J(s)) were estimated from 1-s uptakes measured under voltage-clamped conditions. Lowering the external (cis) sodium concentration reduced the succinate K(t) without affecting the J(s)(max). Increasing the intravesicular (trans) sodium concentration reduced both J(s)(max) and K(t). This trans inhibition by Na was relieved by trans-succinate. Varying the membrane potential from -60 to +60 reduced succinate transport in an exponential manner, which was reflected by a K(t) effect, i.e. an increase in the K(t) with no change in J(s)(max). The membrane potential results suggest that the succinate/sodium-carrier complex bears a net positive charge. On the basis of these and earlier observations, we propose that Na/succinate cotransport across renal brush-borders is described by an Iso Ordered Quad Quad reaction kinetics in which three Na ions first bind to the carrier to increase its affinity for succinate.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5456-5462
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume258
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 23 1983
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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