"Kissing bugs": Potential disease vectors and cause of anaphylaxis

John H. Klotz, Patricia L. Dorn, Joy L. Logan, Lori Stevens, Jacob L. Pinnas, Justin O. Schmidt, Stephen A Klotz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Physicians in the United States should familiarize themselves with "kissing bugs" endemic to their area of practice and appreciate the medical implications of their bites. Bite victims often seek advice from physicians about allergic reactions as well as the risk of contracting Chagas disease. Physicians are generally knowledgeable about the role of kissing bugs in the transmission of Trypanosoma cruzi in Latin America. However, they may be unaware of (1) severe allergic reactions to kissing bug salivary antigens, (2) the widespread occurrence of T. cruzi amongst vertebrate hosts of kissing bugs, and (3) the incidence of T. cruzi among kissing bugs (T. cruzi may infect >50% of sampled bugs). Despite the potential for Chagas disease transmission, the major concern regarding kissing bugs in the United States is anaphylactic reactions to their bites resulting in frequent emergency department visits, especially in areas of endemicity in the Southwest.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1629-1634
Number of pages6
JournalClinical Infectious Diseases
Volume50
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 15 2010

Fingerprint

Disease Vectors
Trypanosoma cruzi
Anaphylaxis
Bites and Stings
Chagas Disease
Physicians
Hypersensitivity
Latin America
Vertebrates
Hospital Emergency Service
Antigens
Incidence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Microbiology (medical)

Cite this

Klotz, J. H., Dorn, P. L., Logan, J. L., Stevens, L., Pinnas, J. L., Schmidt, J. O., & Klotz, S. A. (2010). "Kissing bugs": Potential disease vectors and cause of anaphylaxis. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 50(12), 1629-1634. https://doi.org/10.1086/652769

"Kissing bugs" : Potential disease vectors and cause of anaphylaxis. / Klotz, John H.; Dorn, Patricia L.; Logan, Joy L.; Stevens, Lori; Pinnas, Jacob L.; Schmidt, Justin O.; Klotz, Stephen A.

In: Clinical Infectious Diseases, Vol. 50, No. 12, 15.06.2010, p. 1629-1634.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Klotz, JH, Dorn, PL, Logan, JL, Stevens, L, Pinnas, JL, Schmidt, JO & Klotz, SA 2010, '"Kissing bugs": Potential disease vectors and cause of anaphylaxis', Clinical Infectious Diseases, vol. 50, no. 12, pp. 1629-1634. https://doi.org/10.1086/652769
Klotz JH, Dorn PL, Logan JL, Stevens L, Pinnas JL, Schmidt JO et al. "Kissing bugs": Potential disease vectors and cause of anaphylaxis. Clinical Infectious Diseases. 2010 Jun 15;50(12):1629-1634. https://doi.org/10.1086/652769
Klotz, John H. ; Dorn, Patricia L. ; Logan, Joy L. ; Stevens, Lori ; Pinnas, Jacob L. ; Schmidt, Justin O. ; Klotz, Stephen A. / "Kissing bugs" : Potential disease vectors and cause of anaphylaxis. In: Clinical Infectious Diseases. 2010 ; Vol. 50, No. 12. pp. 1629-1634.
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