Knockout of nuclear high molecular weight FGF2 isoforms in mice modulates bone and phosphate homeostasis

Collin Homer-Bouthiette, Thomas Doetschman, Liping Xiao, Marja M. Hurley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

We previously reported that targeted overexpression of the fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF2) high molecular weight (HMW) isoforms in osteoblastic lineage cells in mice resulted in phenotypic changes, including dwarfism, rickets, osteomalacia, hypophosphatemia, increased serum parathyroid hormone, and increased levels of the phosphatonin FGF23 in serum and bone. This study examined the effects of genetically knocking out the FGF2HMWisoforms(HMWKO)on bone and phosphate homeostasis. HMWKO mice were not dwarfed and had significantly increased bone mineral density and bone mineral content in femurs and lumbar vertebrae when compared with the wild-type (WT) littermates. Micro-computed tomography analysis of femurs revealed increased trabecular bone volume, thickness, number, and connective tissue density with decreased trabecular spacing compared with WT. In addition, there was significantly decreased cortical porosity and increased cortical thickness and sub-periosteal area in femurs ofHMWKO.Histomorphometric analysis demonstrated increased osteoblast activity and diminished osteoclast activity in the HMWKO. In vitro bone marrow stromal cell cultures showed there was a significant increase in alkaline phosphatase-positive colony number at 1 week in HMWKO. At 3 weeks of culture, the mineralized area was also significantly increased. There was increased expression of osteoblast differentiation marker genes and reduced expression of genes associated with impaired mineralization, including a significant reduction in Fgf23 and Sost mRNA. Normal serum phosphate and parathyroid hormone were observed in HMWKO mice. This study demonstrates a significant negative impact of HMWFGF2 on biological functions in bone and phosphate homeostasis in mice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)36303-36314
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume289
Issue number52
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 26 2014

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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