L-BAND SPECTROSCOPY with MAGELLAN-AO/Clio2: FIRST RESULTS on YOUNG LOW-MASS COMPANIONS

Jordan M. Stone, Josh Eisner, Andy Skemer, Katie M. Morzinski, Laird Close, Jared Males, Timothy J. Rodigas, Phil Hinz, Alfio Puglisi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

L-band spectroscopy is a powerful probe of cool low-gravity atmospheres: the P, Q, and R branch fundamental transitions of methane near 3.3 μm provide a sensitive probe of carbon chemistry; cloud thickness modifies the spectral slope across the band; and opacity can be used to detect aurorae. Many directly imaged gas-giant companions to nearby young stars exhibit L-band fluxes distinct from the field population of brown dwarfs at the same effective temperature. Here we describe commissioning the L-band spectroscopic mode of Clio2, the 1-5 μm instrument behind the Magellan adaptive-optics system. We use this system to measure L-band spectra of directly imaged companions. Our spectra are generally consistent with the parameters derived from previous near-infrared spectra for these late M to early L type objects. Therefore, deviations from the field sequence are constrained to occur below 1500 K. This range includes the L-T transition for field objects and suggests that observed discrepancies are due to differences in cloud structure and CO/CH4 chemistry.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number39
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume829
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 20 2016

Keywords

  • binaries: close
  • stars: atmospheres
  • stars: low-mass

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'L-BAND SPECTROSCOPY with MAGELLAN-AO/Clio2: FIRST RESULTS on YOUNG LOW-MASS COMPANIONS'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this