Lactated Ringer's solution and hetastarch but not plasma resuscitation after rat hemorrhagic shock is associated with immediate lung apoptosis by the up-regulation of the Bax protein

S. Deb, L. Sun, B. Martin, E. Talens, D. Burris, C. Kaufmann, N. Rich, P. Rhee, N. Atweh, H. J. Schiller, Jr Pruitt B., L. M. Flint

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

80 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: We previously demonstrated that the type of resuscitation fluid used in hemorrhagic shock affects apoptosis. Unlike crystalloid, whole blood seems to attenuate programmed cell death. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the acellular components of whole blood (plasma, albumin) attenuated apoptosis and to determine whether this process involved the Bax protein pathway. Methods: Rats were hemorrhaged 27.5 mL/kg, kept in hypovolemic shock for 75 minutes, then resuscitated over 1 hour (n = 44). Control animals underwent anesthesia only (sham, n = 7). Treatment animals were bled then randomly assigned to the following resuscitation groups: No resuscitation (n = 6), whole blood (n = 6), plasma (n = 6), 5% human albumin (n = 6), 6% hetastarch (n = 7), and lactated Ringer's solution (LR, n = 6). Hetastarch was used to control for any colloid effect. LR was used as positive control. Immediately after resuscitation, the lung was collected and evaluated for apoptosis by using two methods. TUNEL stain was used to determine general DNA damage, and Bax protein was used to specifically determine intrinsic pathway involvement. Results: LR and hetastarch treatment resulted in significantly increased apoptosis in the lung as determined by both TUNEL and Bax expression (p < 0.05). Plasma infusion resulted in significantly less apoptosis than LR and hetastarch resuscitation. Multiple cell types (epithelium, endothelium, smooth muscle, monocytes) underwent apoptosis in the lung as demonstrated by the TUNEL stain, whereas Bax expression was limited to cells residing in the perivascular and peribronchial spaces. Conclusion: Apoptosis after volume resuscitation of hemorrhagic shock can be affected by the type of resuscitation fluid used. Manufactured fluids such as lactated Ringer's solution and 6% hetastarch resuscitation resulted in the highest degree of lung apoptosis. The plasma component of whole blood resulted in the least apoptosis. The process of apoptosis after hemorrhagic shock resuscitation involves the Bax protein.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)47-55
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Trauma - Injury, Infection and Critical Care
Volume49
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

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