Laminin on Toxoplasma gondii mediates parasite binding to the β1 integrin receptor α6β1 on human foreskin fibroblasts and Chinese hamster ovary cells

G. D C Furtado, Y. Cao, Keith A Joiner

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Abstract

We investigated the role of parasite-bound laminin and the host cell β1 integrin receptors for this extracellular matrix protein in Toxoplasma gondii binding to fibroblasts. Laminin but not fibronectin was detected on extracellular tachyzoites by immunofluorescence and immunoblotting. Binding of parasites to CHO cells was inhibited by polyclonal antibodies to laminin and by a monoclonal antibody directed against the globular carboxy-terminal portion of the long arm of laminin (at or near the suggested ligand-binding sites for α3β1 and α6β1), but not by a monoclonal antibody directed against the lateral short arms of laminin near the cross region of the molecule. Antibodies to the α6 but not the α2, α3, or α5 chains of the β1 family of integrins blocked parasite attachment to human foreskin fibroblasts and CHO cells. Attachment of T. gondii to cells via laminin on the parasite surface and laminin receptors on the mammalian cell is consistent with the capacity of the parasite to invade almost all nucleated cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4925-4931
Number of pages7
JournalInfection and Immunity
Volume60
Issue number11
StatePublished - 1992
Externally publishedYes

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Foreskin
Toxoplasma
Laminin
Cricetulus
Integrins
Ovary
Parasites
Fibroblasts
CHO Cells
Monoclonal Antibodies
Laminin Receptors
Antibodies
Extracellular Matrix Proteins
Fibronectins
Immunoblotting
Fluorescent Antibody Technique
Binding Sites
Ligands

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology

Cite this

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title = "Laminin on Toxoplasma gondii mediates parasite binding to the β1 integrin receptor α6β1 on human foreskin fibroblasts and Chinese hamster ovary cells",
abstract = "We investigated the role of parasite-bound laminin and the host cell β1 integrin receptors for this extracellular matrix protein in Toxoplasma gondii binding to fibroblasts. Laminin but not fibronectin was detected on extracellular tachyzoites by immunofluorescence and immunoblotting. Binding of parasites to CHO cells was inhibited by polyclonal antibodies to laminin and by a monoclonal antibody directed against the globular carboxy-terminal portion of the long arm of laminin (at or near the suggested ligand-binding sites for α3β1 and α6β1), but not by a monoclonal antibody directed against the lateral short arms of laminin near the cross region of the molecule. Antibodies to the α6 but not the α2, α3, or α5 chains of the β1 family of integrins blocked parasite attachment to human foreskin fibroblasts and CHO cells. Attachment of T. gondii to cells via laminin on the parasite surface and laminin receptors on the mammalian cell is consistent with the capacity of the parasite to invade almost all nucleated cells.",
author = "Furtado, {G. D C} and Y. Cao and Joiner, {Keith A}",
year = "1992",
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T1 - Laminin on Toxoplasma gondii mediates parasite binding to the β1 integrin receptor α6β1 on human foreskin fibroblasts and Chinese hamster ovary cells

AU - Furtado, G. D C

AU - Cao, Y.

AU - Joiner, Keith A

PY - 1992

Y1 - 1992

N2 - We investigated the role of parasite-bound laminin and the host cell β1 integrin receptors for this extracellular matrix protein in Toxoplasma gondii binding to fibroblasts. Laminin but not fibronectin was detected on extracellular tachyzoites by immunofluorescence and immunoblotting. Binding of parasites to CHO cells was inhibited by polyclonal antibodies to laminin and by a monoclonal antibody directed against the globular carboxy-terminal portion of the long arm of laminin (at or near the suggested ligand-binding sites for α3β1 and α6β1), but not by a monoclonal antibody directed against the lateral short arms of laminin near the cross region of the molecule. Antibodies to the α6 but not the α2, α3, or α5 chains of the β1 family of integrins blocked parasite attachment to human foreskin fibroblasts and CHO cells. Attachment of T. gondii to cells via laminin on the parasite surface and laminin receptors on the mammalian cell is consistent with the capacity of the parasite to invade almost all nucleated cells.

AB - We investigated the role of parasite-bound laminin and the host cell β1 integrin receptors for this extracellular matrix protein in Toxoplasma gondii binding to fibroblasts. Laminin but not fibronectin was detected on extracellular tachyzoites by immunofluorescence and immunoblotting. Binding of parasites to CHO cells was inhibited by polyclonal antibodies to laminin and by a monoclonal antibody directed against the globular carboxy-terminal portion of the long arm of laminin (at or near the suggested ligand-binding sites for α3β1 and α6β1), but not by a monoclonal antibody directed against the lateral short arms of laminin near the cross region of the molecule. Antibodies to the α6 but not the α2, α3, or α5 chains of the β1 family of integrins blocked parasite attachment to human foreskin fibroblasts and CHO cells. Attachment of T. gondii to cells via laminin on the parasite surface and laminin receptors on the mammalian cell is consistent with the capacity of the parasite to invade almost all nucleated cells.

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