Landsat-8 Operational Land Imager on-orbit radiometric calibration and stability

Brian L. Markham, Julia A. Barsi, Edward Kaita, Lawrence Ong, Md Obaidul Haque, Nischal Mishra, Jeffrey S Czapla-Myers, Nima Pahlevan, Dennis Helder

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The Operational Land Imager (OLI) on Landsat-8 has been collecting imagery on orbit for 17 months. The radiometric performance of the OLI is monitored using on-board systems (lamps and solar diffusers) as well as by reference to lunar and ground measurements and other satellite systems. Over this nearly 1a1/2 years of operation the OLI has been extremely radiometrically stable in all of its 9 spectral bands. Only the shortest wavelength band, centered at 443 nm, which has degraded about 0.8%, has changed by more than the variability among the measurements (0.2%). This consistency between the lamps, diffusers, moon, and ground measurements lends high confidence to these statements, which is unusual for a system so early in its lifetime. Comparisons to other satellite systems and ground measurements show that the OLI is calibrated to within requirements and generally better than 3% in both radiance and reflectance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
PublisherSPIE
Volume9218
ISBN (Print)9781628412451
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014
EventEarth Observing Systems XIX - San Diego, United States
Duration: Aug 18 2014Aug 20 2014

Other

OtherEarth Observing Systems XIX
CountryUnited States
CitySan Diego
Period8/18/148/20/14

Fingerprint

Radiometric Calibration
Landsat
Imager
Image sensors
Orbits
Orbit
Calibration
orbits
Diffuser
diffusers
Electric lamps
luminaires
Satellites
Radiance
Moon
natural satellites
spectral bands
radiance
Reflectance
imagery

Keywords

  • Calibration
  • Landsat-8
  • OLI
  • Radiometry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Mathematics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Markham, B. L., Barsi, J. A., Kaita, E., Ong, L., Haque, M. O., Mishra, N., ... Helder, D. (2014). Landsat-8 Operational Land Imager on-orbit radiometric calibration and stability. In Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering (Vol. 9218). [921815] SPIE. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2063159

Landsat-8 Operational Land Imager on-orbit radiometric calibration and stability. / Markham, Brian L.; Barsi, Julia A.; Kaita, Edward; Ong, Lawrence; Haque, Md Obaidul; Mishra, Nischal; Czapla-Myers, Jeffrey S; Pahlevan, Nima; Helder, Dennis.

Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering. Vol. 9218 SPIE, 2014. 921815.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Markham, BL, Barsi, JA, Kaita, E, Ong, L, Haque, MO, Mishra, N, Czapla-Myers, JS, Pahlevan, N & Helder, D 2014, Landsat-8 Operational Land Imager on-orbit radiometric calibration and stability. in Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering. vol. 9218, 921815, SPIE, Earth Observing Systems XIX, San Diego, United States, 8/18/14. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2063159
Markham BL, Barsi JA, Kaita E, Ong L, Haque MO, Mishra N et al. Landsat-8 Operational Land Imager on-orbit radiometric calibration and stability. In Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering. Vol. 9218. SPIE. 2014. 921815 https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2063159
Markham, Brian L. ; Barsi, Julia A. ; Kaita, Edward ; Ong, Lawrence ; Haque, Md Obaidul ; Mishra, Nischal ; Czapla-Myers, Jeffrey S ; Pahlevan, Nima ; Helder, Dennis. / Landsat-8 Operational Land Imager on-orbit radiometric calibration and stability. Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering. Vol. 9218 SPIE, 2014.
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AB - The Operational Land Imager (OLI) on Landsat-8 has been collecting imagery on orbit for 17 months. The radiometric performance of the OLI is monitored using on-board systems (lamps and solar diffusers) as well as by reference to lunar and ground measurements and other satellite systems. Over this nearly 1a1/2 years of operation the OLI has been extremely radiometrically stable in all of its 9 spectral bands. Only the shortest wavelength band, centered at 443 nm, which has degraded about 0.8%, has changed by more than the variability among the measurements (0.2%). This consistency between the lamps, diffusers, moon, and ground measurements lends high confidence to these statements, which is unusual for a system so early in its lifetime. Comparisons to other satellite systems and ground measurements show that the OLI is calibrated to within requirements and generally better than 3% in both radiance and reflectance.

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