Laparoscopic-assisted minithoracotomy for repair of diaphragmatic penetrating trauma

Albert Amini, Rifat Latifi

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Stable patients with thoracoabdominal penetrating or blunt trauma resulting in diaphragmatic injuries represent a challenging dilemma. Laparoscopy has emerged as the most reliable and efficient diagnostic and treatment modality for such patients. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze our novel surgical technique for the management of penetrating diaphragmatic injuries in stable patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective study, we analyzed data that had been prospectively collected on a new surgical repair technique established at our institution. We reviewed the records of 7 hemodynamically stable trauma patients with thoracoabdominal penetrating trauma resulting in diaphragmatic injuries. RESULTS: The 7 patients (5 with stab wounds, 2 with gunshot wounds) underwent laparoscopic exploration and laparoscopic-assisted minithoracotomy for the repair of diaphragmatic injuries. The mean length of stay was 4.4 days (range, 1 to 8 d). There were no tension pneumothoraces, missed injuries, or other procedure-related complications. CONCLUSIONS: If complete laparoscopic repair is not possible, laparoscopic-assisted repair of diaphragmatic injuries using minithoracotomy is a viable option. In our 7 patients, the results were good, with no morbidity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)406-409
Number of pages4
JournalSurgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy and Percutaneous Techniques
Volume23
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2013

Keywords

  • Diaphragmatic injuries
  • Laparoscopy
  • Minithoracotomy
  • Penetrating thoracoabdominal injuries
  • Thoracoscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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