This work reports the spatiotemporal diagnostics of uranium species in plasma plumes produced by nanosecond near-infrared laser pulses in a low-pressure environment. Spatially and temporally resolved emission spectroscopy experiments are combined with the modeling of uranium emission for investigating the dynamics of the plume. The Saha-Eggert equation and Boltzmann plots generated from numerous U I transitions are used to infer temperature. This work also reports the measurements of uranium Stark broadening parameters for U I 499.01 nm and U II 500.82 nm transitions. The Stark widths of select U transitions were measured by comparing their linewidths with the broadening of the O I 777.19 nm line. The electron density was found to be of the order of 1016 cm-3, while the temperature was found to be in the range of 3000-9000 K. In addition to enhancing the fundamental understanding of high-Z plasmas in reduced-pressure environments, the knowledge of Stark broadening parameters could improve the modeling capabilities and analytical performance of techniques that rely on emission plasma spectroscopy.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Condensed Matter Physics