Laser trimming tree-ring cores for dendrochemistry of metals

Paul Sheppard, Mark L. Witten

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This article discusses the application of laser to trim the outer surface from tree-ring increment cores in preparation for dendrochemistry of certain metals. A source of contamination specific to dendrochemistry of metals is metal constituents, such as iron, tungsten, chromium, nickel, and cobalt, coming off tools used to collect and process cores and adhering to the sample surface. One method to eliminate this contamination is to trim off the outer surface of cores using laser. To test this application of laser, three tree-ring increment cores were collected from each of three trees. For each tree, one core was trimmed using a CO2 laser, one core was trimmed using a stainless steel razor blade, and one core was left untrimmed. The resultant cores were measured for metals using acid dissolution inductively coupled plasma mass spectroscopy. Trimmed cores had on average one-third the content of iron, tungsten, and chromium than that of untrimmed cores. Laser-trimmed cores had less of these metals than razor-trimmed cores. Razor-trimmed cores also had measurable nickel, but laser-trimmed cores had no nickel. Laser trimming is an ideal solution to potential contamination of cores with metals from increment borers without imparting other contamination from tools such as razor blades.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)87-92
Number of pages6
JournalTree-Ring Research
Volume61
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2005

Fingerprint

growth rings
tree ring
pruning
laser
lasers
metals
metal
nickel
tungsten
chromium
iron
stainless steel
cobalt
mass spectrometry
steel
spectroscopy
dissolution
acids
plasma
contamination

Keywords

  • Contamination
  • Dendrochemistry
  • Laser
  • Metals
  • Tree rings

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Forestry
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Geology
  • Palaeontology

Cite this

Laser trimming tree-ring cores for dendrochemistry of metals. / Sheppard, Paul; Witten, Mark L.

In: Tree-Ring Research, Vol. 61, No. 2, 2005, p. 87-92.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sheppard, Paul ; Witten, Mark L. / Laser trimming tree-ring cores for dendrochemistry of metals. In: Tree-Ring Research. 2005 ; Vol. 61, No. 2. pp. 87-92.
@article{8756af6f10f849689296c28ed0aa51dd,
title = "Laser trimming tree-ring cores for dendrochemistry of metals",
abstract = "This article discusses the application of laser to trim the outer surface from tree-ring increment cores in preparation for dendrochemistry of certain metals. A source of contamination specific to dendrochemistry of metals is metal constituents, such as iron, tungsten, chromium, nickel, and cobalt, coming off tools used to collect and process cores and adhering to the sample surface. One method to eliminate this contamination is to trim off the outer surface of cores using laser. To test this application of laser, three tree-ring increment cores were collected from each of three trees. For each tree, one core was trimmed using a CO2 laser, one core was trimmed using a stainless steel razor blade, and one core was left untrimmed. The resultant cores were measured for metals using acid dissolution inductively coupled plasma mass spectroscopy. Trimmed cores had on average one-third the content of iron, tungsten, and chromium than that of untrimmed cores. Laser-trimmed cores had less of these metals than razor-trimmed cores. Razor-trimmed cores also had measurable nickel, but laser-trimmed cores had no nickel. Laser trimming is an ideal solution to potential contamination of cores with metals from increment borers without imparting other contamination from tools such as razor blades.",
keywords = "Contamination, Dendrochemistry, Laser, Metals, Tree rings",
author = "Paul Sheppard and Witten, {Mark L.}",
year = "2005",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "61",
pages = "87--92",
journal = "Tree-Ring Research",
issn = "1536-1098",
publisher = "Tree Ring Society",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Laser trimming tree-ring cores for dendrochemistry of metals

AU - Sheppard, Paul

AU - Witten, Mark L.

PY - 2005

Y1 - 2005

N2 - This article discusses the application of laser to trim the outer surface from tree-ring increment cores in preparation for dendrochemistry of certain metals. A source of contamination specific to dendrochemistry of metals is metal constituents, such as iron, tungsten, chromium, nickel, and cobalt, coming off tools used to collect and process cores and adhering to the sample surface. One method to eliminate this contamination is to trim off the outer surface of cores using laser. To test this application of laser, three tree-ring increment cores were collected from each of three trees. For each tree, one core was trimmed using a CO2 laser, one core was trimmed using a stainless steel razor blade, and one core was left untrimmed. The resultant cores were measured for metals using acid dissolution inductively coupled plasma mass spectroscopy. Trimmed cores had on average one-third the content of iron, tungsten, and chromium than that of untrimmed cores. Laser-trimmed cores had less of these metals than razor-trimmed cores. Razor-trimmed cores also had measurable nickel, but laser-trimmed cores had no nickel. Laser trimming is an ideal solution to potential contamination of cores with metals from increment borers without imparting other contamination from tools such as razor blades.

AB - This article discusses the application of laser to trim the outer surface from tree-ring increment cores in preparation for dendrochemistry of certain metals. A source of contamination specific to dendrochemistry of metals is metal constituents, such as iron, tungsten, chromium, nickel, and cobalt, coming off tools used to collect and process cores and adhering to the sample surface. One method to eliminate this contamination is to trim off the outer surface of cores using laser. To test this application of laser, three tree-ring increment cores were collected from each of three trees. For each tree, one core was trimmed using a CO2 laser, one core was trimmed using a stainless steel razor blade, and one core was left untrimmed. The resultant cores were measured for metals using acid dissolution inductively coupled plasma mass spectroscopy. Trimmed cores had on average one-third the content of iron, tungsten, and chromium than that of untrimmed cores. Laser-trimmed cores had less of these metals than razor-trimmed cores. Razor-trimmed cores also had measurable nickel, but laser-trimmed cores had no nickel. Laser trimming is an ideal solution to potential contamination of cores with metals from increment borers without imparting other contamination from tools such as razor blades.

KW - Contamination

KW - Dendrochemistry

KW - Laser

KW - Metals

KW - Tree rings

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=33646444874&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=33646444874&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:33646444874

VL - 61

SP - 87

EP - 92

JO - Tree-Ring Research

JF - Tree-Ring Research

SN - 1536-1098

IS - 2

ER -