Late Eighteenth Century Old Maid Eruption and Lahars at Mount Hood, Oregon (USA) Dated with Tree Rings and Historical Observations

Patrick T. Pringle, Thomas C. Pierson, Kenneth A. Cameron, Paul R. Sheppard

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Tree rings of subfossil trees buried by lahars and lahar-derived sediments along the Sandy and Zigzag Rivers record the onset of a late eighteenth century eruption at Mount Hood, Oregon, USA (Figs. 1–2). Crandell (1980) described and named this eruptive activity the ‘Old Maid eruptive period’ and estimated its age at about “200–300 year” using radiocarbon ages of trees killed by lahars. Cameron and Pringle (1986, 1987, 1991) used dendrochronology to constrain the major eruptive events to several decades in the late 1700s. Precise dating of the Old Maid eruption using tree rings, however, has been complicated by the inconsistent wood quality and scarcity of victim subfossil trees. A lack of nearby master chronologies, diverse physiography and microclimates of the region, and the generally low sensitreivity of local tree-ring series to climate variation also create problems with interpretation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAdvances in Global Change Research
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Pages487-491
Number of pages5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2010

Publication series

NameAdvances in Global Change Research
Volume41
ISSN (Print)1574-0919
ISSN (Electronic)2215-1621

Keywords

  • Annual Growth Ring
  • Eruptive Activity
  • Lava Dome
  • Tephra Fallout
  • Tree Ring

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Global and Planetary Change
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

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    Pringle, P. T., Pierson, T. C., Cameron, K. A., & Sheppard, P. R. (2010). Late Eighteenth Century Old Maid Eruption and Lahars at Mount Hood, Oregon (USA) Dated with Tree Rings and Historical Observations. In Advances in Global Change Research (pp. 487-491). (Advances in Global Change Research; Vol. 41). Springer International Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-90-481-8736-2_46