Latent variable structure and measurement invariance of a modified early literacy assessment

Adriana D. Cimetta, Ronald W Marx, David B Yaden, Ghadah S. Alkhadim, Christina A Cutshaw

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


This study reports the dimensionality and measurement invariance of a modified version of the Phonological Awareness Literacy Screening for Preschoolers (PALS PreK). Practical constraints of conducting child assessments created an opportunity to develop a modified PALS PreK. The sample consisted of 1,168 children tested in a Southwestern state in the United States. Exploratory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) with the modified PALS PreK supported the two-factor structure of the full PALS PreK. Multigroup CFA revealed measurement invariance for the modified PALS PreK for gender and ethnicity. The implications of a similar two-factor structure in the modified PALS PreK are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)208-222
Number of pages15
JournalInternational Journal of School and Educational Psychology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jul 3 2018



  • assessment
  • early literacy
  • factor analysis
  • measurement invariance
  • preschool

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Education

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