Lbt discovery of a yellow supergiant eclipsing binary in the dwarf galaxy holmberg IX

J. L. Prieto, K. Z. Stanek, C. S. Kochanek, D. R. Weisz, A. Baruffolo, J. Bechtold, V. Burwitz, C. De Santis, S. Gallozzi, P. M. Garnavich, E. Giallongo, J. M. Hill, R. W. Pogge, R. Ragazzoni, R. Speziali, D. J. Thompson, R. M. Wagner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

In a variability survey of M81 using the Large Binocular Telescope we have discovered a peculiar eclipsing binary (Mv ∼ -7.1) in the field of the dwarf galaxy Holmberg IX. It has a period of 271 days, and the light curve is well fit by an overcontact model in which both stars are overflowing their Roche lobes. It is composed of two yellow supergiants (V -I ≃ 1 mag, Teff ≃ 4800 K), rather than the far more common red or blue supergiants. Such systems must be rare. While we failed to find any similar systems in the literature, we did, however, note a second example. The SMC F0 supergiant R47 is a bright (Mv ∼ -7.5) periodic variable whose All Sky Automated Survey (ASAS) light curve is well fit as a contact binary with a 181 day period. We propose that these systems are the progenitors of supernovae like SN 2004et and SN 2006ov, which appeared to have yellow progenitors. The binary interactions (mass transfer, mass loss) limit the size of the supergiant to give it a higher surface temperature than an isolated star at the same core evolutionary stage. We also discuss the possibility of this variable being a long-period Cepheid.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)L59-L62
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume673
Issue number1 PART 2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2008

Keywords

  • Binaries: eclipsing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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