Leaf flush drives dry season green-up of the Central Amazon

Aline Pontes Lopes, Bruce Walker Nelson, Jin Wu, Paulo Maurício Lima de Alencastro Graça, Julia Valentim Tavares, Neill Prohaska, Giordane Augusto Martins, Scott Saleska

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

38 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Understanding how land surface seasonality emerges from individual tree crown phenology is a key challenge of tropical ecology. We used daily images over a full year from a tower-mounted RGB camera to quantify the leaf phenology of 267 individual tree crowns in an evergreen Central Amazon forest. The Green Chromatic Coordinate, an index of each crown's greenness, showed rapid large-amplitude positive and negative changes, each generally occurring once per year. Rapid increase was attributed to leaf flushing and occurred in 85% of all crowns. Rapid negative change occurred in 42% of individuals, caused mostly by massive pre-flush leaf abscission (31% of all crowns). Flushing was concentrated in the five driest months (55% of crowns) compared to the five wettest months (10%). Inter-crown variance of greenness was lowest in the wet season when fewer crowns were abruptly abscising or flushing leaves. With a one month lead, flushing frequency closely tracked seasonal light availability (R = 0.89) and was inversely correlated with rainfall (R = -. 0.88). We linked the post-flush age of each crown's leaf cohort to the Enhanced Vegetation Index (EVI) of crowns at different phenostages on a nadir view QuickBird image. When aggregated to landscape-scale, this camera-based EVI closely followed (R = 0.95) the MODIS MAIAC EVI of the same site, fully corrected for sun-sensor geometry effects. Leaf phenology therefore drives the dry season green-up detected by MODIS in the Central Amazon. It is also consistent with evolutionary strategies to couple photosynthetic efficiency with light availability and to avoid predation and disease on vulnerable young leaves.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)90-98
Number of pages9
JournalRemote Sensing of Environment
Volume182
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2016

Fingerprint

tree crown
dry season
flushing
Cameras
Availability
vegetation index
leaves
phenology
Ecology
light availability
Sun
Towers
Rain
MODIS
Lead
moderate resolution imaging spectroradiometer
Geometry
cameras
Sensors
abscission

Keywords

  • Dry season green-up
  • Enhanced Vegetation Index
  • Green Chromatic Coordinate
  • Leaf abscission
  • Leaf flush
  • Phenocam
  • Tropical forest

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computers in Earth Sciences
  • Soil Science
  • Geology

Cite this

Lopes, A. P., Nelson, B. W., Wu, J., Graça, P. M. L. D. A., Tavares, J. V., Prohaska, N., ... Saleska, S. (2016). Leaf flush drives dry season green-up of the Central Amazon. Remote Sensing of Environment, 182, 90-98. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rse.2016.05.009

Leaf flush drives dry season green-up of the Central Amazon. / Lopes, Aline Pontes; Nelson, Bruce Walker; Wu, Jin; Graça, Paulo Maurício Lima de Alencastro; Tavares, Julia Valentim; Prohaska, Neill; Martins, Giordane Augusto; Saleska, Scott.

In: Remote Sensing of Environment, Vol. 182, 01.09.2016, p. 90-98.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lopes, AP, Nelson, BW, Wu, J, Graça, PMLDA, Tavares, JV, Prohaska, N, Martins, GA & Saleska, S 2016, 'Leaf flush drives dry season green-up of the Central Amazon', Remote Sensing of Environment, vol. 182, pp. 90-98. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rse.2016.05.009
Lopes AP, Nelson BW, Wu J, Graça PMLDA, Tavares JV, Prohaska N et al. Leaf flush drives dry season green-up of the Central Amazon. Remote Sensing of Environment. 2016 Sep 1;182:90-98. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rse.2016.05.009
Lopes, Aline Pontes ; Nelson, Bruce Walker ; Wu, Jin ; Graça, Paulo Maurício Lima de Alencastro ; Tavares, Julia Valentim ; Prohaska, Neill ; Martins, Giordane Augusto ; Saleska, Scott. / Leaf flush drives dry season green-up of the Central Amazon. In: Remote Sensing of Environment. 2016 ; Vol. 182. pp. 90-98.
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