Learning and re-learning regime support: The dynamics of post-communist regimes

William T Mishler, Richard Rose

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

76 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The political support of citizens of new democracies reflects two sets of experiences. Initially, people are socialized into an undemocratic regime; then, they must re-learn political support in relation to a new regime. In an established democracy, it is difficult to disentangle the effect of early socialization and current performance because both refer to the same regime. However, this is both possible and necessary in countries where there has been a change in regime. Critical questions then arise: When, whether and how do citizens determine their support for their new regime? At the start of a new regime past socialization should be more important but, after a few years, current performance should become more important. We draw on 47 Barometer surveys between 1991 and 1998 in ten more or less democratic post-communist regimes of Central and Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union to test the relative importance of early socialization influences, the legacy of the communist past, and the political and economic performance of new regimes. We find that economic and political performance explains the most variance in support and, secondarily, the communist legacy. Early socialization is insignificant. However, contrary to economic theories of voting, the impact of political performance is greater than the impact of economic performance in post-communist countries - and its impact is increasing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5-36
Number of pages32
JournalEuropean Journal of Political Research
Volume41
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2002

Fingerprint

regime
socialization
learning
performance
political support
democracy
citizen
economics
economic theory
Central Europe
Eastern Europe
USSR
voting
experience

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sociology and Political Science

Cite this

Learning and re-learning regime support : The dynamics of post-communist regimes. / Mishler, William T; Rose, Richard.

In: European Journal of Political Research, Vol. 41, No. 1, 01.2002, p. 5-36.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{e9d3adb23e6d459ca885b350e89ca7c8,
title = "Learning and re-learning regime support: The dynamics of post-communist regimes",
abstract = "The political support of citizens of new democracies reflects two sets of experiences. Initially, people are socialized into an undemocratic regime; then, they must re-learn political support in relation to a new regime. In an established democracy, it is difficult to disentangle the effect of early socialization and current performance because both refer to the same regime. However, this is both possible and necessary in countries where there has been a change in regime. Critical questions then arise: When, whether and how do citizens determine their support for their new regime? At the start of a new regime past socialization should be more important but, after a few years, current performance should become more important. We draw on 47 Barometer surveys between 1991 and 1998 in ten more or less democratic post-communist regimes of Central and Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union to test the relative importance of early socialization influences, the legacy of the communist past, and the political and economic performance of new regimes. We find that economic and political performance explains the most variance in support and, secondarily, the communist legacy. Early socialization is insignificant. However, contrary to economic theories of voting, the impact of political performance is greater than the impact of economic performance in post-communist countries - and its impact is increasing.",
author = "Mishler, {William T} and Richard Rose",
year = "2002",
month = "1",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "41",
pages = "5--36",
journal = "European Journal of Political Research",
issn = "0304-4130",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Learning and re-learning regime support

T2 - The dynamics of post-communist regimes

AU - Mishler, William T

AU - Rose, Richard

PY - 2002/1

Y1 - 2002/1

N2 - The political support of citizens of new democracies reflects two sets of experiences. Initially, people are socialized into an undemocratic regime; then, they must re-learn political support in relation to a new regime. In an established democracy, it is difficult to disentangle the effect of early socialization and current performance because both refer to the same regime. However, this is both possible and necessary in countries where there has been a change in regime. Critical questions then arise: When, whether and how do citizens determine their support for their new regime? At the start of a new regime past socialization should be more important but, after a few years, current performance should become more important. We draw on 47 Barometer surveys between 1991 and 1998 in ten more or less democratic post-communist regimes of Central and Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union to test the relative importance of early socialization influences, the legacy of the communist past, and the political and economic performance of new regimes. We find that economic and political performance explains the most variance in support and, secondarily, the communist legacy. Early socialization is insignificant. However, contrary to economic theories of voting, the impact of political performance is greater than the impact of economic performance in post-communist countries - and its impact is increasing.

AB - The political support of citizens of new democracies reflects two sets of experiences. Initially, people are socialized into an undemocratic regime; then, they must re-learn political support in relation to a new regime. In an established democracy, it is difficult to disentangle the effect of early socialization and current performance because both refer to the same regime. However, this is both possible and necessary in countries where there has been a change in regime. Critical questions then arise: When, whether and how do citizens determine their support for their new regime? At the start of a new regime past socialization should be more important but, after a few years, current performance should become more important. We draw on 47 Barometer surveys between 1991 and 1998 in ten more or less democratic post-communist regimes of Central and Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union to test the relative importance of early socialization influences, the legacy of the communist past, and the political and economic performance of new regimes. We find that economic and political performance explains the most variance in support and, secondarily, the communist legacy. Early socialization is insignificant. However, contrary to economic theories of voting, the impact of political performance is greater than the impact of economic performance in post-communist countries - and its impact is increasing.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0036001492&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0036001492&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0036001492

VL - 41

SP - 5

EP - 36

JO - European Journal of Political Research

JF - European Journal of Political Research

SN - 0304-4130

IS - 1

ER -