Lesquerella

New crop development and commercialization in the U.S.

D. A. Dierig, G. Wang, William B Mccloskey, K. R. Thorp, T. A. Isbell, Dennis T Ray, M. A. Foster

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

While Lesquerella fendleri Gray (Wats.) is not yet a commercial crop, its history serves as a model for new crop development. The most important characteristic is the absence of any significant biological barriers to commercialization. Other potential crops may have valuable, high-demand products but possess traits difficult to overcome such as seed shattering or poor yield capacity. Lesquerella has a distinctive plant architecture that is conducive to seed productivity under a variety of conditions, and the trait could be further exploited. The plant also has high amounts of within-species and interspecific genetic diversity allowing breeding improvements in traits including oil quantity and quality. The unique seed oil is predominately composed of a hydroxy fatty acid, lesquerolic acid (C20:1OH), that is similar to ricinoleic acid (C18:1OH) found in castor oil. Improvements in agronomics will help increase seed yields, water use efficiency, while reducing crop production costs. New tools offered by remote sensing will help plant breeders and growers assess crop development. Defining herbicides and obtaining registrations for use in lesquerella appears to be the biggest obstacle for commercialization of this crop. The improvements in agronomics, breeding, genetics, and the expansion of new markets started in the 1980's, and has made lesquerella a viable potential crop that could utilize thousands of hectares in arid climates of the world provided research continues.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1381-1385
Number of pages5
JournalIndustrial Crops and Products
Volume34
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2011

Fingerprint

Lesquerella
new crops
commercialization
crops
seed shattering
seed productivity
ricinoleic acid
hydroxy fatty acids
castor oil
new markets
plant breeders
cropping sequence
breeding
plant architecture
seed oils
production costs
arid zones
water use efficiency
seed yield
crop production

Keywords

  • Alternative crops
  • Crop production
  • Hydroxy fatty acids
  • Lesquerolic acid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science

Cite this

Lesquerella : New crop development and commercialization in the U.S. / Dierig, D. A.; Wang, G.; Mccloskey, William B; Thorp, K. R.; Isbell, T. A.; Ray, Dennis T; Foster, M. A.

In: Industrial Crops and Products, Vol. 34, No. 2, 09.2011, p. 1381-1385.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Dierig, D. A. ; Wang, G. ; Mccloskey, William B ; Thorp, K. R. ; Isbell, T. A. ; Ray, Dennis T ; Foster, M. A. / Lesquerella : New crop development and commercialization in the U.S. In: Industrial Crops and Products. 2011 ; Vol. 34, No. 2. pp. 1381-1385.
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