Lessons learned in the development and evaluation of RxCoach™, an mHealth app to increase tobacco cessation medication adherence

Judith S Gordon, Julie S. Armin, James K Cunningham, Myra L Muramoto, Steven M. Christiansen, Thomas A. Jacobs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective In this project we developed and evaluated a mobile health app to improve adherence to tobacco cessation medication. Methods The study was conducted in three phases: (1) Create app with input from our consultant, focus groups and user testing; (2) Test feasibility of the app; and (3) Develop and user-test the barcode scanner. Results Focus group feedback was instrumental in developing content and creating the user interface. User testing helped to identify problems and refine the app. The feasibility trial provided “real world” testing. We experienced challenges in recruitment due to the inclusion criteria. We had high attrition due to technical issues, medication side effects, enrollment procedures, and lack of personal contact. Among the five retained participants, use of the app was associated with good medication adherence and high consumer satisfaction. Conclusion The small sample size limits the generalizability of the findings and the conclusions that can be drawn from the study. However, the feasibility trial enabled the team to identify ways to improve the conduct of this and other mHealth studies. Practical implications We should expand RxCoach to include all prescription and over-the-counter tobacco cessation medications, and re-test for feasibility using lessons learned to improve recruitment and retention.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)720-727
Number of pages8
JournalPatient Education and Counseling
Volume100
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2017

Keywords

  • Cessation
  • Medication adherence
  • mHealth
  • Mobile app
  • Smoking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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