IL-13, a critical cytokine for allergic inflammation, exerts its effects through a complex receptor system including IL-4Rα, IL-13Rα1, and IL-13Rα2. IL-4Rα and IL-13Rα1 form a heterodimeric signaling receptor for IL-13. In contrast, IL-13Rα2 binds IL-13 with high affinity but does not signal. IL-13Rα2 exists on the cell surface, intracellularly, and in soluble form, but no information is available regarding the relative distributions of DL-13Rα2 among these compartments, whether the compartments communicate, and how the relative expression levels impact IL-13 responses. Herein, we investigated the distribution of IL-13Rα2 in transfected and primary cells, and we evaluated how the total level of IL-13Rα2 expression impacted its distribution. Our results demonstrate that the distribution of IL-13Rα2 is independent of the overall level of expression. The majority of the IL-13Rα2 protein existed in intracellular pools. Surface IL-13Rα2 was continually released into the medium in a soluble form, yet surface expression remained constant supporting receptor trafficking to the cell surface. IL-13Rα2 inhibited IL-13 signaling proportionally to its level of expression, and this inhibition could be overcome with high concentrations of IL-13.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy