Life History strategy and Evaluative Self-Assessment

Paul Robert Gladden, Aurelio José Figueredo, Brynn Snyder

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Life History (LH) theory describes the existence of individual differences in the optimal allocation of inherently limited bioenergetic and material resources towards different types of reproductive-enhancing activities. LH theory predicts that slow LH ("High-K") individuals are biased toward allocating resources toward enhancing the phenotypic quality (e.g., physical and mental health) of oneself and one's offspring. Sociometer theory suggests that self-esteem tracks an individual's level of social acceptance and inclusion. We examined the hypothesis that slow LH strategy positively predicts a more positive Evaluative Self-Assessment due to enhanced phenotypic quality. Participants completed questionnaires measuring their Life History (LH) strategies and a variety of measures of Self-Assessment (perceived mate value, perceived mating success, social economic exchange, positive and negative adjectives, global self-esteem, and collective self-esteem). An Exploratory Factor Analysis indicated that the measures of Evaluative Self-Assessment were best represented as a single latent factor. Slow LH strategy correlated moderately and positively with this Evaluative Self-Assessment factor. This relationship was not accounted for by socially desirable responding (self-deceptive enhancement or impression-management), sex, or age of participants. Consistent with Sociometer theory, we suggest that slow LH strategists exhibit high perceived self-worth due to increased social prestige and, relatedly, enhanced phenotypic quality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)731-735
Number of pages5
JournalPersonality and Individual Differences
Volume48
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2010

Keywords

  • Evaluative Self-Assessment
  • Life History
  • Mate value
  • Self-esteem
  • Sociometer theory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Life History strategy and Evaluative Self-Assessment'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this