Light, earthworms, and soil resources as predictors of diversity of 10 soil invertebrate groups across monocultures of 14 tree species

Kevin E. Mueller, Nico Eisenhauer, Peter B. Reich, Sarah E. Hobbie, Oliver A. Chadwick, Jon Chorover, Tomasz Dobies, Cynthia M. Hale, Andrzej M. Jagodziński, Izabela Kałucka, Marek Kasprowicz, Barbara Kieliszewska-Rokicka, Jerzy Modrzyński, Anna Roz˙en, Maciej Skorupski, Łukasz Sobczyk, Małgorzata Stasińska, Lidia K. Trocha, January Weiner, Anna WierzbickaJacek Oleksyn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

44 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Management of biodiversity and ecosystem services requires a better understanding of the factors that influence soil biodiversity. We characterized the species (or genera) richness of 10 taxonomic groups of invertebrate soil animals in replicated monocultures of 14 temperate tree species. The focal invertebrate groups ranged from microfauna to macrofauna: Lumbricidae, Nematoda, Oribatida, Gamasida, Opilionida, Araneida, Collembola, Formicidae, Carabidae, and Staphylinidae. Measurement of invertebrate richness and ancillary variables occurred ~34 years after the monocultures were planted. The richness within each taxonomic group was largely independent of richness of other groups; therefore a broad understanding of soil invertebrate diversity requires analyses that are integrated across many taxa. Using a regression-based approach and ~125 factors related to the abundance and diversity of resources, we identified a subset of predictors that were correlated with the richness of each invertebrate group and richness integrated across 9 of the groups (excluding earthworms). At least 50% of the variability in integrated richness and richness of each invertebrate group was explained by six or fewer predictors. The key predictors of soil invertebrate richness were light availability in the understory, the abundance of an epigeic earthworm species, the amount of phosphorus, nitrogen, and calcium in soil, soil acidity, and the diversity or mass of fungi, plant litter, and roots. The results are consistent with the hypothesis that resource abundance and diversity strongly regulate soil biodiversity, with increases in resources (up to a point) likely to increase the total diversity of soil invertebrates. However, the relationships between various resources and soil invertebrate diversity were taxon-specific. Similarly, diversity of all 10 invertebrate taxa was not high beneath any of the 14 tree species. Thus, changes to tree species composition and resource availability in temperate forests will likely increase the richness of some soil invertebrates while decreasing the richness of others.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)184-198
Number of pages15
JournalSoil Biology and Biochemistry
Volume92
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016

Fingerprint

soil invertebrates
Oligochaeta
soil resources
Invertebrates
monoculture
earthworms
earthworm
Soil
invertebrate
Light
invertebrates
soil
biodiversity
Biodiversity
Lumbricidae
Mesostigmata
Sarcoptiformes
resource
Staphylinidae
Carabidae

Keywords

  • Acidity
  • Beetles
  • Microarthropods
  • Mites
  • Nematodes
  • Nutrients

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Soil Science
  • Microbiology

Cite this

Light, earthworms, and soil resources as predictors of diversity of 10 soil invertebrate groups across monocultures of 14 tree species. / Mueller, Kevin E.; Eisenhauer, Nico; Reich, Peter B.; Hobbie, Sarah E.; Chadwick, Oliver A.; Chorover, Jon; Dobies, Tomasz; Hale, Cynthia M.; Jagodziński, Andrzej M.; Kałucka, Izabela; Kasprowicz, Marek; Kieliszewska-Rokicka, Barbara; Modrzyński, Jerzy; Roz˙en, Anna; Skorupski, Maciej; Sobczyk, Łukasz; Stasińska, Małgorzata; Trocha, Lidia K.; Weiner, January; Wierzbicka, Anna; Oleksyn, Jacek.

In: Soil Biology and Biochemistry, Vol. 92, 01.01.2016, p. 184-198.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Mueller, KE, Eisenhauer, N, Reich, PB, Hobbie, SE, Chadwick, OA, Chorover, J, Dobies, T, Hale, CM, Jagodziński, AM, Kałucka, I, Kasprowicz, M, Kieliszewska-Rokicka, B, Modrzyński, J, Roz˙en, A, Skorupski, M, Sobczyk, Ł, Stasińska, M, Trocha, LK, Weiner, J, Wierzbicka, A & Oleksyn, J 2016, 'Light, earthworms, and soil resources as predictors of diversity of 10 soil invertebrate groups across monocultures of 14 tree species', Soil Biology and Biochemistry, vol. 92, pp. 184-198. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.soilbio.2015.10.010
Mueller, Kevin E. ; Eisenhauer, Nico ; Reich, Peter B. ; Hobbie, Sarah E. ; Chadwick, Oliver A. ; Chorover, Jon ; Dobies, Tomasz ; Hale, Cynthia M. ; Jagodziński, Andrzej M. ; Kałucka, Izabela ; Kasprowicz, Marek ; Kieliszewska-Rokicka, Barbara ; Modrzyński, Jerzy ; Roz˙en, Anna ; Skorupski, Maciej ; Sobczyk, Łukasz ; Stasińska, Małgorzata ; Trocha, Lidia K. ; Weiner, January ; Wierzbicka, Anna ; Oleksyn, Jacek. / Light, earthworms, and soil resources as predictors of diversity of 10 soil invertebrate groups across monocultures of 14 tree species. In: Soil Biology and Biochemistry. 2016 ; Vol. 92. pp. 184-198.
@article{fa9a0c94927e4b29a3de945598ce812c,
title = "Light, earthworms, and soil resources as predictors of diversity of 10 soil invertebrate groups across monocultures of 14 tree species",
abstract = "Management of biodiversity and ecosystem services requires a better understanding of the factors that influence soil biodiversity. We characterized the species (or genera) richness of 10 taxonomic groups of invertebrate soil animals in replicated monocultures of 14 temperate tree species. The focal invertebrate groups ranged from microfauna to macrofauna: Lumbricidae, Nematoda, Oribatida, Gamasida, Opilionida, Araneida, Collembola, Formicidae, Carabidae, and Staphylinidae. Measurement of invertebrate richness and ancillary variables occurred ~34 years after the monocultures were planted. The richness within each taxonomic group was largely independent of richness of other groups; therefore a broad understanding of soil invertebrate diversity requires analyses that are integrated across many taxa. Using a regression-based approach and ~125 factors related to the abundance and diversity of resources, we identified a subset of predictors that were correlated with the richness of each invertebrate group and richness integrated across 9 of the groups (excluding earthworms). At least 50{\%} of the variability in integrated richness and richness of each invertebrate group was explained by six or fewer predictors. The key predictors of soil invertebrate richness were light availability in the understory, the abundance of an epigeic earthworm species, the amount of phosphorus, nitrogen, and calcium in soil, soil acidity, and the diversity or mass of fungi, plant litter, and roots. The results are consistent with the hypothesis that resource abundance and diversity strongly regulate soil biodiversity, with increases in resources (up to a point) likely to increase the total diversity of soil invertebrates. However, the relationships between various resources and soil invertebrate diversity were taxon-specific. Similarly, diversity of all 10 invertebrate taxa was not high beneath any of the 14 tree species. Thus, changes to tree species composition and resource availability in temperate forests will likely increase the richness of some soil invertebrates while decreasing the richness of others.",
keywords = "Acidity, Beetles, Microarthropods, Mites, Nematodes, Nutrients",
author = "Mueller, {Kevin E.} and Nico Eisenhauer and Reich, {Peter B.} and Hobbie, {Sarah E.} and Chadwick, {Oliver A.} and Jon Chorover and Tomasz Dobies and Hale, {Cynthia M.} and Jagodziński, {Andrzej M.} and Izabela Kałucka and Marek Kasprowicz and Barbara Kieliszewska-Rokicka and Jerzy Modrzyński and Anna Roz˙en and Maciej Skorupski and Łukasz Sobczyk and Małgorzata Stasińska and Trocha, {Lidia K.} and January Weiner and Anna Wierzbicka and Jacek Oleksyn",
year = "2016",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.soilbio.2015.10.010",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "92",
pages = "184--198",
journal = "Soil Biology and Biochemistry",
issn = "0038-0717",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Light, earthworms, and soil resources as predictors of diversity of 10 soil invertebrate groups across monocultures of 14 tree species

AU - Mueller, Kevin E.

AU - Eisenhauer, Nico

AU - Reich, Peter B.

AU - Hobbie, Sarah E.

AU - Chadwick, Oliver A.

AU - Chorover, Jon

AU - Dobies, Tomasz

AU - Hale, Cynthia M.

AU - Jagodziński, Andrzej M.

AU - Kałucka, Izabela

AU - Kasprowicz, Marek

AU - Kieliszewska-Rokicka, Barbara

AU - Modrzyński, Jerzy

AU - Roz˙en, Anna

AU - Skorupski, Maciej

AU - Sobczyk, Łukasz

AU - Stasińska, Małgorzata

AU - Trocha, Lidia K.

AU - Weiner, January

AU - Wierzbicka, Anna

AU - Oleksyn, Jacek

PY - 2016/1/1

Y1 - 2016/1/1

N2 - Management of biodiversity and ecosystem services requires a better understanding of the factors that influence soil biodiversity. We characterized the species (or genera) richness of 10 taxonomic groups of invertebrate soil animals in replicated monocultures of 14 temperate tree species. The focal invertebrate groups ranged from microfauna to macrofauna: Lumbricidae, Nematoda, Oribatida, Gamasida, Opilionida, Araneida, Collembola, Formicidae, Carabidae, and Staphylinidae. Measurement of invertebrate richness and ancillary variables occurred ~34 years after the monocultures were planted. The richness within each taxonomic group was largely independent of richness of other groups; therefore a broad understanding of soil invertebrate diversity requires analyses that are integrated across many taxa. Using a regression-based approach and ~125 factors related to the abundance and diversity of resources, we identified a subset of predictors that were correlated with the richness of each invertebrate group and richness integrated across 9 of the groups (excluding earthworms). At least 50% of the variability in integrated richness and richness of each invertebrate group was explained by six or fewer predictors. The key predictors of soil invertebrate richness were light availability in the understory, the abundance of an epigeic earthworm species, the amount of phosphorus, nitrogen, and calcium in soil, soil acidity, and the diversity or mass of fungi, plant litter, and roots. The results are consistent with the hypothesis that resource abundance and diversity strongly regulate soil biodiversity, with increases in resources (up to a point) likely to increase the total diversity of soil invertebrates. However, the relationships between various resources and soil invertebrate diversity were taxon-specific. Similarly, diversity of all 10 invertebrate taxa was not high beneath any of the 14 tree species. Thus, changes to tree species composition and resource availability in temperate forests will likely increase the richness of some soil invertebrates while decreasing the richness of others.

AB - Management of biodiversity and ecosystem services requires a better understanding of the factors that influence soil biodiversity. We characterized the species (or genera) richness of 10 taxonomic groups of invertebrate soil animals in replicated monocultures of 14 temperate tree species. The focal invertebrate groups ranged from microfauna to macrofauna: Lumbricidae, Nematoda, Oribatida, Gamasida, Opilionida, Araneida, Collembola, Formicidae, Carabidae, and Staphylinidae. Measurement of invertebrate richness and ancillary variables occurred ~34 years after the monocultures were planted. The richness within each taxonomic group was largely independent of richness of other groups; therefore a broad understanding of soil invertebrate diversity requires analyses that are integrated across many taxa. Using a regression-based approach and ~125 factors related to the abundance and diversity of resources, we identified a subset of predictors that were correlated with the richness of each invertebrate group and richness integrated across 9 of the groups (excluding earthworms). At least 50% of the variability in integrated richness and richness of each invertebrate group was explained by six or fewer predictors. The key predictors of soil invertebrate richness were light availability in the understory, the abundance of an epigeic earthworm species, the amount of phosphorus, nitrogen, and calcium in soil, soil acidity, and the diversity or mass of fungi, plant litter, and roots. The results are consistent with the hypothesis that resource abundance and diversity strongly regulate soil biodiversity, with increases in resources (up to a point) likely to increase the total diversity of soil invertebrates. However, the relationships between various resources and soil invertebrate diversity were taxon-specific. Similarly, diversity of all 10 invertebrate taxa was not high beneath any of the 14 tree species. Thus, changes to tree species composition and resource availability in temperate forests will likely increase the richness of some soil invertebrates while decreasing the richness of others.

KW - Acidity

KW - Beetles

KW - Microarthropods

KW - Mites

KW - Nematodes

KW - Nutrients

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84946100279&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84946100279&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.soilbio.2015.10.010

DO - 10.1016/j.soilbio.2015.10.010

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84946100279

VL - 92

SP - 184

EP - 198

JO - Soil Biology and Biochemistry

JF - Soil Biology and Biochemistry

SN - 0038-0717

ER -