The human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) envelope V3 region sequences of peripheral blood mononuclear cell DNA were analyzed from three nontransmitting mothers (infected mothers who failed to transmit HIV-1 to their infants in the absence of antiretroviral therapy), including one mother with two deliveries, and compared with the sequences of seven previously analyzed transmitting mothers. The coding potential of the envelope open reading frame, including several patient-specific amino acid motifs and previously described molecular features across the V3 region, were highly conserved. There was a low degree of heterogeneity within the sequences of each nontransmitting mother compared with the sequences of transmitting mothers. In addition, the estimates of genetic diversity of nontransmitting mother sequences were significantly lower compared with transmitting mother sequences. Phylogenetic analysis showed that the sequences of each nontransmitting mother formed distinct clusters that were well discriminated from each other and the sequences of seven transmitting mothers. In conclusion, a low degree of HIV-1 genetic heterogeneity in these infected mothers correlates with lack of vertical transmission; this finding may be useful in developing strategies for further prevention of maternal-fetal transmission.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Infectious Diseases