Linking self- and social control with deviance: Illuminating the structure underlying a general theory of crime and its relation to deviant activity

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

189 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present paper operationalizes and empirically tests the most recent theoretical speculations of Hirschi and Gottfredson regarding an individual level characteristic of self-control and its relation to earlier specifications of control theory as well as the literature on personality. Linkages are drawn between their broad delineation of self-control and personal disorders of hyperactivity, impulsivity, attention deficits, and minor conduct problems. Psychologists disagree about whether such disorders represent single or multiple traits and whether both behavioral and cognitive measures can appropriately depict personality characteristics. Employing structural equation techniques, support for several propositions derived from Gottfredson and Hirschi's thesis is found: Self-control subsumes several personality disorders and is significantly comprised by early behavioral indicators of aggression and fighting, is inversely related to other elements of the social bond, is moderately stable over a short period of time, and significantly predicts criminal convictions. However, questions remain regarding the ubiquity of self-control, the magnitude and meaning of stability, and the power of this perspective to explain all forms of self-reported delinquency.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)41-78
Number of pages38
JournalJournal of Quantitative Criminology
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1994

Fingerprint

self-control
Crime
deviant behavior
social control
offense
Personality
personality
control theory
Impulsive Behavior
personality disorder
Personality Disorders
ADHD
Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity
delinquency
speculation
Aggression
psychologist
aggression
Psychology
Self-Control

Keywords

  • convictions
  • LISREL
  • personality disorder
  • self-control
  • self-reported delinquency
  • social control

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

Cite this

@article{2fbf3603c7e141c0815e7a8876bb8055,
title = "Linking self- and social control with deviance: Illuminating the structure underlying a general theory of crime and its relation to deviant activity",
abstract = "The present paper operationalizes and empirically tests the most recent theoretical speculations of Hirschi and Gottfredson regarding an individual level characteristic of self-control and its relation to earlier specifications of control theory as well as the literature on personality. Linkages are drawn between their broad delineation of self-control and personal disorders of hyperactivity, impulsivity, attention deficits, and minor conduct problems. Psychologists disagree about whether such disorders represent single or multiple traits and whether both behavioral and cognitive measures can appropriately depict personality characteristics. Employing structural equation techniques, support for several propositions derived from Gottfredson and Hirschi's thesis is found: Self-control subsumes several personality disorders and is significantly comprised by early behavioral indicators of aggression and fighting, is inversely related to other elements of the social bond, is moderately stable over a short period of time, and significantly predicts criminal convictions. However, questions remain regarding the ubiquity of self-control, the magnitude and meaning of stability, and the power of this perspective to explain all forms of self-reported delinquency.",
keywords = "convictions, LISREL, personality disorder, self-control, self-reported delinquency, social control",
author = "Polakowski, {Michael P}",
year = "1994",
month = "3",
doi = "10.1007/BF02221008",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "10",
pages = "41--78",
journal = "Journal of Quantitative Criminology",
issn = "0748-4518",
publisher = "Springer New York",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Linking self- and social control with deviance

T2 - Illuminating the structure underlying a general theory of crime and its relation to deviant activity

AU - Polakowski, Michael P

PY - 1994/3

Y1 - 1994/3

N2 - The present paper operationalizes and empirically tests the most recent theoretical speculations of Hirschi and Gottfredson regarding an individual level characteristic of self-control and its relation to earlier specifications of control theory as well as the literature on personality. Linkages are drawn between their broad delineation of self-control and personal disorders of hyperactivity, impulsivity, attention deficits, and minor conduct problems. Psychologists disagree about whether such disorders represent single or multiple traits and whether both behavioral and cognitive measures can appropriately depict personality characteristics. Employing structural equation techniques, support for several propositions derived from Gottfredson and Hirschi's thesis is found: Self-control subsumes several personality disorders and is significantly comprised by early behavioral indicators of aggression and fighting, is inversely related to other elements of the social bond, is moderately stable over a short period of time, and significantly predicts criminal convictions. However, questions remain regarding the ubiquity of self-control, the magnitude and meaning of stability, and the power of this perspective to explain all forms of self-reported delinquency.

AB - The present paper operationalizes and empirically tests the most recent theoretical speculations of Hirschi and Gottfredson regarding an individual level characteristic of self-control and its relation to earlier specifications of control theory as well as the literature on personality. Linkages are drawn between their broad delineation of self-control and personal disorders of hyperactivity, impulsivity, attention deficits, and minor conduct problems. Psychologists disagree about whether such disorders represent single or multiple traits and whether both behavioral and cognitive measures can appropriately depict personality characteristics. Employing structural equation techniques, support for several propositions derived from Gottfredson and Hirschi's thesis is found: Self-control subsumes several personality disorders and is significantly comprised by early behavioral indicators of aggression and fighting, is inversely related to other elements of the social bond, is moderately stable over a short period of time, and significantly predicts criminal convictions. However, questions remain regarding the ubiquity of self-control, the magnitude and meaning of stability, and the power of this perspective to explain all forms of self-reported delinquency.

KW - convictions

KW - LISREL

KW - personality disorder

KW - self-control

KW - self-reported delinquency

KW - social control

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=21344498478&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=21344498478&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/BF02221008

DO - 10.1007/BF02221008

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:21344498478

VL - 10

SP - 41

EP - 78

JO - Journal of Quantitative Criminology

JF - Journal of Quantitative Criminology

SN - 0748-4518

IS - 1

ER -