Liposomes entrapping gadolinium-DTPA (Gd-DTPA) were synthesized from 60 mole percent egg phosphatidylcholine (EPC) and 40 mole percent cholesterol or EPC alone entrapping Gd-DTPA in diameters of 100 and 200 nm. Rats bearing Morris hepatoma in their flanks were imaged by MR pre- and post-contrast with free Gd-DTPA and liposomal Gd-DTPA for up to four hours after IV contrast. Comparison of images after free and liposomal Gd-DTPA showed dramatic differences in tumor and organ enhancement. Liposomal Gd-DTPA enhancement of tumor corresponded more closely to histologically proven vascularized portions of tumor than free Gd-DTPA. Hepatic enhancement was greater with liposomal than free Gd-DTPA and time course of liver, kidney and tumor enhancement was prolonged. The 100-nm EPC Gd-DTPA liposomes caused the greatest enhancement. Gd-DTPA liposomes may be useful as liver and blood pool contrast agents. By varying lipid composition and vesicle size, patterns of enhancement may be selectively modified.
- Contrast agents
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biomedical Engineering
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging