LoCuSS

A comparison of cluster mass measurements from XMM-Newton and subaru - Testing deviation from hydrostatic equilibrium and non-thermal pressure support

Yu Ying Zhang, Nobuhiro Okabe, Alexis Finoguenov, Graham P. Smith, Rocco Piffaretti, Riccardo Valdarnini, Arif Babul, August E. Evrard, Pasquale Mazzotta, Alastair J R Sanderson, Daniel P Marrone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

113 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We compare X-ray hydrostatic and weak-lensing mass estimates for a sample of 12 clusters that have been observed with both XMM-Newton and Subaru. At an over-density of Δ = 500, we obtain 1 - M X/M WL = 0.01 ± 0.07 for the whole sample. We also divided the sample into undisturbed and disturbed sub-samples based on quantitative X-ray morphologies using asymmetry and fluctuation parameters, obtaining 1 - M X/M WL = 0.09 ± 0.06 and -0.06 ± 0.12 for the undisturbed and disturbed clusters, respectively. In addition to non-thermal pressure support, there may be a competing effect associated with adiabatic compression and/or shock heating which leads to overestimate of X-ray hydrostatic masses for disturbed clusters, for example, in the famous merging cluster A1914. Despite the modest statistical significance of the mass discrepancy, on average, in the undisturbed clusters, we detect a clear trend of improving agreement between M X and M WL as a function of increasing over-density M X/MWL = (0.908 ± 0.004) + (0.187 ± 0.010) ·log10(δ/500). . We also examine the gas mass fractions, f gas = M gas/M WL, finding that they are an increasing function of cluster radius, with no dependence on dynamical state, in agreement with predictions from numerical simulations. Overall, our results demonstrate that XMM-Newton and Subaru are a powerful combination for calibrating systematic uncertainties in cluster mass measurements.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1033-1043
Number of pages11
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume711
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2010
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

XMM-Newton telescope
hydrostatics
newton
deviation
gas
gases
shock heating
x rays
asymmetry
calibrating
compression
comparison
heating
prediction
trends
simulation
radii
estimates
predictions

Keywords

  • Cosmology: observations
  • Galaxies: clusters: general
  • Galaxies: clusters: individual (Abell 1914)
  • Gravitational lensing: weak
  • Surveys
  • X-rays: galaxies: clusters

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics

Cite this

LoCuSS : A comparison of cluster mass measurements from XMM-Newton and subaru - Testing deviation from hydrostatic equilibrium and non-thermal pressure support. / Zhang, Yu Ying; Okabe, Nobuhiro; Finoguenov, Alexis; Smith, Graham P.; Piffaretti, Rocco; Valdarnini, Riccardo; Babul, Arif; Evrard, August E.; Mazzotta, Pasquale; Sanderson, Alastair J R; Marrone, Daniel P.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 711, No. 2, 2010, p. 1033-1043.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Zhang, YY, Okabe, N, Finoguenov, A, Smith, GP, Piffaretti, R, Valdarnini, R, Babul, A, Evrard, AE, Mazzotta, P, Sanderson, AJR & Marrone, DP 2010, 'LoCuSS: A comparison of cluster mass measurements from XMM-Newton and subaru - Testing deviation from hydrostatic equilibrium and non-thermal pressure support', Astrophysical Journal, vol. 711, no. 2, pp. 1033-1043. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/711/2/1033
Zhang, Yu Ying ; Okabe, Nobuhiro ; Finoguenov, Alexis ; Smith, Graham P. ; Piffaretti, Rocco ; Valdarnini, Riccardo ; Babul, Arif ; Evrard, August E. ; Mazzotta, Pasquale ; Sanderson, Alastair J R ; Marrone, Daniel P. / LoCuSS : A comparison of cluster mass measurements from XMM-Newton and subaru - Testing deviation from hydrostatic equilibrium and non-thermal pressure support. In: Astrophysical Journal. 2010 ; Vol. 711, No. 2. pp. 1033-1043.
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AU - Finoguenov, Alexis

AU - Smith, Graham P.

AU - Piffaretti, Rocco

AU - Valdarnini, Riccardo

AU - Babul, Arif

AU - Evrard, August E.

AU - Mazzotta, Pasquale

AU - Sanderson, Alastair J R

AU - Marrone, Daniel P

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