LoCuSS: Scaling relations between galaxy cluster mass, gas, and stellar content

Sarah L. Mulroy, Arya Farahi, August E. Evrard, Graham P. Smith, Alexis Finoguenov, Christine O'Donnell, Daniel P Marrone, Zubair Abdulla, Herve Bourdin, John E. Carlstrom, Jessica Democles, Chris P. Haines, Rossella Martino, Pasquale Mazzotta, Sean L. McGee, Nobuhiro Okabe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

We present a simultaneous analysis of galaxy cluster scaling relations between weak-lensing mass and multiple cluster observables, across a wide range of wavelengths, that probe both gas and stellar content. Our new hierarchical Bayesian model simultaneously considers the selection variable alongside all other observables in order to explicitly model intrinsic property covariance and account for selection effects. We apply this method to a sample of 41 clusters at 0.15 < z < 0.30, with a well-defined selection criteria based on RASS X-ray luminosity, and observations from Chandra/XMM, SZA, Planck, UKIRT, SDSS, and Subaru. These clusters have well-constrained weak-lensing mass measurements based on Subaru/SuprimeCam observations, which serve as the reference masses in our model. We present 30 scaling relation parameters for 10 properties. All relations probing the intracluster gas are slightly shallower than self-similar predictions, in moderate tension with prior measurements, and the stellar fraction decreases with mass. K-band luminosity has the lowest intrinsic scatter with a 95th percentile of 0.16, while the lowest scatter gas probe is gas mass with a fractional intrinsic scatter of 0.16 ± 0.03. We find no distinction between the core-excised X-ray or highresolution Sunyaev-Zel'dovich relations of clusters of different central entropy, but find with modest significance that higher entropy clusters have higher stellar fractions than their lower entropy counterparts. We also report posterior mass estimates from our likelihood model.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)60-80
Number of pages21
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume484
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

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galaxies
scaling
gases
gas
entropy
luminosity
probe
probes
XMM-Newton telescope
extremely high frequencies
x rays
wavelength
estimates
prediction
predictions
wavelengths

Keywords

  • Cosmology: observations
  • Galaxies: clusters: general
  • Galaxies: clusters: intracluster medium
  • Galaxies: stellar content
  • Gravitational lensing: weak

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Mulroy, S. L., Farahi, A., Evrard, A. E., Smith, G. P., Finoguenov, A., O'Donnell, C., ... Okabe, N. (2019). LoCuSS: Scaling relations between galaxy cluster mass, gas, and stellar content. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 484(1), 60-80. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/sty3484

LoCuSS : Scaling relations between galaxy cluster mass, gas, and stellar content. / Mulroy, Sarah L.; Farahi, Arya; Evrard, August E.; Smith, Graham P.; Finoguenov, Alexis; O'Donnell, Christine; Marrone, Daniel P; Abdulla, Zubair; Bourdin, Herve; Carlstrom, John E.; Democles, Jessica; Haines, Chris P.; Martino, Rossella; Mazzotta, Pasquale; McGee, Sean L.; Okabe, Nobuhiro.

In: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 484, No. 1, 01.01.2019, p. 60-80.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Mulroy, SL, Farahi, A, Evrard, AE, Smith, GP, Finoguenov, A, O'Donnell, C, Marrone, DP, Abdulla, Z, Bourdin, H, Carlstrom, JE, Democles, J, Haines, CP, Martino, R, Mazzotta, P, McGee, SL & Okabe, N 2019, 'LoCuSS: Scaling relations between galaxy cluster mass, gas, and stellar content', Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, vol. 484, no. 1, pp. 60-80. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/sty3484
Mulroy, Sarah L. ; Farahi, Arya ; Evrard, August E. ; Smith, Graham P. ; Finoguenov, Alexis ; O'Donnell, Christine ; Marrone, Daniel P ; Abdulla, Zubair ; Bourdin, Herve ; Carlstrom, John E. ; Democles, Jessica ; Haines, Chris P. ; Martino, Rossella ; Mazzotta, Pasquale ; McGee, Sean L. ; Okabe, Nobuhiro. / LoCuSS : Scaling relations between galaxy cluster mass, gas, and stellar content. In: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 2019 ; Vol. 484, No. 1. pp. 60-80.
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AU - Farahi, Arya

AU - Evrard, August E.

AU - Smith, Graham P.

AU - Finoguenov, Alexis

AU - O'Donnell, Christine

AU - Marrone, Daniel P

AU - Abdulla, Zubair

AU - Bourdin, Herve

AU - Carlstrom, John E.

AU - Democles, Jessica

AU - Haines, Chris P.

AU - Martino, Rossella

AU - Mazzotta, Pasquale

AU - McGee, Sean L.

AU - Okabe, Nobuhiro

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N2 - We present a simultaneous analysis of galaxy cluster scaling relations between weak-lensing mass and multiple cluster observables, across a wide range of wavelengths, that probe both gas and stellar content. Our new hierarchical Bayesian model simultaneously considers the selection variable alongside all other observables in order to explicitly model intrinsic property covariance and account for selection effects. We apply this method to a sample of 41 clusters at 0.15 < z < 0.30, with a well-defined selection criteria based on RASS X-ray luminosity, and observations from Chandra/XMM, SZA, Planck, UKIRT, SDSS, and Subaru. These clusters have well-constrained weak-lensing mass measurements based on Subaru/SuprimeCam observations, which serve as the reference masses in our model. We present 30 scaling relation parameters for 10 properties. All relations probing the intracluster gas are slightly shallower than self-similar predictions, in moderate tension with prior measurements, and the stellar fraction decreases with mass. K-band luminosity has the lowest intrinsic scatter with a 95th percentile of 0.16, while the lowest scatter gas probe is gas mass with a fractional intrinsic scatter of 0.16 ± 0.03. We find no distinction between the core-excised X-ray or highresolution Sunyaev-Zel'dovich relations of clusters of different central entropy, but find with modest significance that higher entropy clusters have higher stellar fractions than their lower entropy counterparts. We also report posterior mass estimates from our likelihood model.

AB - We present a simultaneous analysis of galaxy cluster scaling relations between weak-lensing mass and multiple cluster observables, across a wide range of wavelengths, that probe both gas and stellar content. Our new hierarchical Bayesian model simultaneously considers the selection variable alongside all other observables in order to explicitly model intrinsic property covariance and account for selection effects. We apply this method to a sample of 41 clusters at 0.15 < z < 0.30, with a well-defined selection criteria based on RASS X-ray luminosity, and observations from Chandra/XMM, SZA, Planck, UKIRT, SDSS, and Subaru. These clusters have well-constrained weak-lensing mass measurements based on Subaru/SuprimeCam observations, which serve as the reference masses in our model. We present 30 scaling relation parameters for 10 properties. All relations probing the intracluster gas are slightly shallower than self-similar predictions, in moderate tension with prior measurements, and the stellar fraction decreases with mass. K-band luminosity has the lowest intrinsic scatter with a 95th percentile of 0.16, while the lowest scatter gas probe is gas mass with a fractional intrinsic scatter of 0.16 ± 0.03. We find no distinction between the core-excised X-ray or highresolution Sunyaev-Zel'dovich relations of clusters of different central entropy, but find with modest significance that higher entropy clusters have higher stellar fractions than their lower entropy counterparts. We also report posterior mass estimates from our likelihood model.

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KW - Galaxies: clusters: general

KW - Galaxies: clusters: intracluster medium

KW - Galaxies: stellar content

KW - Gravitational lensing: weak

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