Long-term outcomes in treating left main trifurcation coronary artery disease with the Paclitaxel-eluting stent.

Nicolas W. Shammas, Eric J. Dippel, Amber Avila, Lauren Gehbauer, Leslie Farland, Stephanie Brosius, Michael Jerin, Matthew Winter, Penny Stoakes, Jeannette Byrd, Lynne Majetic, Gail Shammas, Peter Sharis, Jon Robken

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Left main trifurcation coronary artery disease stenting is a challenging and complex percutaneous procedure that has been infrequently reported. We present our own experience with left main trifurcation stenting using the Taxus paclitaxel-eluting stent (Boston Scientific). METHODS: Twenty consecutive left main trifurcation stenting procedures were performed in 2005 at our institution. The primary endpoint of the study was the combined endpoints of death, acute stent thrombosis and target lesion revascularization (TLR). Conditional logistic regression analysis was performed to determine the predictors of the primary endpoint using a number of variable combinations. RESULTS: The mean patient age was 71.7 +/- 8.9 years. The procedure was urgent in 10%, and the left main artery was unprotected in 95% of cases. Follow up was achieved in 17/20 (85%) patients, either from medical records or by phone calls. The follow-up median duration was 272 days (range 30 to 534 days). The primary endpoint was met in 5/17 (29.4%) patients. One of 19 patients (5.3%) had a sudden cardiac death 1 month after the procedure, 2/20 patients (10%) experienced an acute in-hospital stent thrombosis, and 2/17 (11.8%) patients underwent TLR. Conditional logistic regression analysis could not identify a relationship between the stenting method and the primary endpoint. The 2 patients who experienced in-hospital thrombosis were the only patients who received a clopidogrel load (600 mg) post-procedure after arrival to the floor, and were not on a glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor. All others received their clopidogrel either during the procedure (n = 7) or were on it chronically (n = 11). One patient with acute stent thrombosis did not have a kissing balloon performed post-stent deployment. CONCLUSION: Left main trifurcation stenting carries an overall high rate of adverse events and may need to be reserved for patients who are at high risk or who refuse bypass surgery. Overall TLR is low, but stent thrombosis remains a concern. Although we suspect that thrombosis could be related to failure to perform kissing balloon post-stent deployment and/or not receiving a clopidogrel load until after the procedure, the small number of patients in this study prevents us from making definite statistical conclusions about this observation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)77-82
Number of pages6
JournalThe Journal of invasive cardiology
Volume19
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2007

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

Shammas, N. W., Dippel, E. J., Avila, A., Gehbauer, L., Farland, L., Brosius, S., Jerin, M., Winter, M., Stoakes, P., Byrd, J., Majetic, L., Shammas, G., Sharis, P., & Robken, J. (2007). Long-term outcomes in treating left main trifurcation coronary artery disease with the Paclitaxel-eluting stent. The Journal of invasive cardiology, 19(2), 77-82.