Loss of B7.2 (CD86) and intracellular adhesion molecule 1 (CD54) expression is associated with decreased tumor-infiltrating T lymphocytes in diffuse B-cell large-cell lymphoma

Alison T Stopeck, A. Gessner, Thomas P Miller, Evan M Hersh, C. S. Johnson, H. Cui, Y. Frutiger, T. M. Grogan

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Abstract

Tumor-infiltrating CD8+ T-lymphocytes (T-TILs) are thought to be relevant to immunosurveillance of several tumor types including B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. B- and T-lymphocyte interactions via cellular adhesion molecules (CAMs), recognition molecules (HLAs), and costimulatory molecules (CSMs) are necessary for optimal antigen-specific T-cell activation to occur and may be important in generating effective host T-TIL responses. We previously found that low T-TIL response (CD8+ T cells < 6%) correlates with statistically shorter relapse-free survival in patients with diffuse large-cell lymphoma (DLCL). We now extend our observations in 71 DLCL patients by analyzing malignant B-cell expression of the following molecules important in T-cell activation: (a) recognition molecules [MHC I (MAS and MCA) and MHC II (HLA-DR, -DP, -DQ)]; (b) CAMs [leukocyte function antigen 1 (CD11a and CD18) and intracellular adhesion molecule 1 (CD54)]; and (c) CSMs [B7.1 (CD80) and B7.2 (CD86)]. Eighteen patients (25%) had low a T-TIL response, and 53 patients (75%) had a high T-TIL response. Overall, expression of the MHC class II molecules HLA-DR and HLA-DQ was most conserved. The loss of B7.2 (P = 0.04), intracellular adhesion molecule 1 (P = 0.0004), MAS (P = 0.02), and HLA-DR (P = 0.0004) expression was significantly associated with decreased T-TIL response. In 100% of patients with low T-TIL responses, at least one HLA, CAM, or CSM was undetectable on the malignant B cells by immunohistochemical staining (mean number of molecules lost = 2.67). In contrast, 49% of patients with high T-TIL responses had no losses in HLA, CAM, or CSM expression (mean number of molecules lost = 0.89). The mean number of absent molecules (HLA, CAM, or CSM) was significantly associated with T-TIL response (P = 0.0001). We conclude that loss of HLA, CAM, or CSM expression on malignant B cells is associated with a poor host T-cell immune response. In addition, because patients with low T-TIL response had lost expression of multiple cellular adhesion, recognition, and costimulatory molecules, our results suggest that a combination of immunorestorative therapies may be required to generate effective antitumor T-cell responses in B-cell DLCL.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3904-3909
Number of pages6
JournalClinical Cancer Research
Volume6
Issue number10
StatePublished - 2000

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Tumor-Infiltrating Lymphocytes
Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse
T-Lymphocytes
Neoplasms
HLA-DR Antigens
B-Lymphocytes
HLA-DP Antigens
CD27 Antigens
HLA-DQ Antigens
Immunologic Monitoring
B-Cell Lymphoma
HLA Antigens

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

Cite this

@article{9550f65502a94d56b2f7c6394db50e15,
title = "Loss of B7.2 (CD86) and intracellular adhesion molecule 1 (CD54) expression is associated with decreased tumor-infiltrating T lymphocytes in diffuse B-cell large-cell lymphoma",
abstract = "Tumor-infiltrating CD8+ T-lymphocytes (T-TILs) are thought to be relevant to immunosurveillance of several tumor types including B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. B- and T-lymphocyte interactions via cellular adhesion molecules (CAMs), recognition molecules (HLAs), and costimulatory molecules (CSMs) are necessary for optimal antigen-specific T-cell activation to occur and may be important in generating effective host T-TIL responses. We previously found that low T-TIL response (CD8+ T cells < 6{\%}) correlates with statistically shorter relapse-free survival in patients with diffuse large-cell lymphoma (DLCL). We now extend our observations in 71 DLCL patients by analyzing malignant B-cell expression of the following molecules important in T-cell activation: (a) recognition molecules [MHC I (MAS and MCA) and MHC II (HLA-DR, -DP, -DQ)]; (b) CAMs [leukocyte function antigen 1 (CD11a and CD18) and intracellular adhesion molecule 1 (CD54)]; and (c) CSMs [B7.1 (CD80) and B7.2 (CD86)]. Eighteen patients (25{\%}) had low a T-TIL response, and 53 patients (75{\%}) had a high T-TIL response. Overall, expression of the MHC class II molecules HLA-DR and HLA-DQ was most conserved. The loss of B7.2 (P = 0.04), intracellular adhesion molecule 1 (P = 0.0004), MAS (P = 0.02), and HLA-DR (P = 0.0004) expression was significantly associated with decreased T-TIL response. In 100{\%} of patients with low T-TIL responses, at least one HLA, CAM, or CSM was undetectable on the malignant B cells by immunohistochemical staining (mean number of molecules lost = 2.67). In contrast, 49{\%} of patients with high T-TIL responses had no losses in HLA, CAM, or CSM expression (mean number of molecules lost = 0.89). The mean number of absent molecules (HLA, CAM, or CSM) was significantly associated with T-TIL response (P = 0.0001). We conclude that loss of HLA, CAM, or CSM expression on malignant B cells is associated with a poor host T-cell immune response. In addition, because patients with low T-TIL response had lost expression of multiple cellular adhesion, recognition, and costimulatory molecules, our results suggest that a combination of immunorestorative therapies may be required to generate effective antitumor T-cell responses in B-cell DLCL.",
author = "Stopeck, {Alison T} and A. Gessner and Miller, {Thomas P} and Hersh, {Evan M} and Johnson, {C. S.} and H. Cui and Y. Frutiger and Grogan, {T. M.}",
year = "2000",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "6",
pages = "3904--3909",
journal = "Clinical Cancer Research",
issn = "1078-0432",
publisher = "American Association for Cancer Research Inc.",
number = "10",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Loss of B7.2 (CD86) and intracellular adhesion molecule 1 (CD54) expression is associated with decreased tumor-infiltrating T lymphocytes in diffuse B-cell large-cell lymphoma

AU - Stopeck, Alison T

AU - Gessner, A.

AU - Miller, Thomas P

AU - Hersh, Evan M

AU - Johnson, C. S.

AU - Cui, H.

AU - Frutiger, Y.

AU - Grogan, T. M.

PY - 2000

Y1 - 2000

N2 - Tumor-infiltrating CD8+ T-lymphocytes (T-TILs) are thought to be relevant to immunosurveillance of several tumor types including B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. B- and T-lymphocyte interactions via cellular adhesion molecules (CAMs), recognition molecules (HLAs), and costimulatory molecules (CSMs) are necessary for optimal antigen-specific T-cell activation to occur and may be important in generating effective host T-TIL responses. We previously found that low T-TIL response (CD8+ T cells < 6%) correlates with statistically shorter relapse-free survival in patients with diffuse large-cell lymphoma (DLCL). We now extend our observations in 71 DLCL patients by analyzing malignant B-cell expression of the following molecules important in T-cell activation: (a) recognition molecules [MHC I (MAS and MCA) and MHC II (HLA-DR, -DP, -DQ)]; (b) CAMs [leukocyte function antigen 1 (CD11a and CD18) and intracellular adhesion molecule 1 (CD54)]; and (c) CSMs [B7.1 (CD80) and B7.2 (CD86)]. Eighteen patients (25%) had low a T-TIL response, and 53 patients (75%) had a high T-TIL response. Overall, expression of the MHC class II molecules HLA-DR and HLA-DQ was most conserved. The loss of B7.2 (P = 0.04), intracellular adhesion molecule 1 (P = 0.0004), MAS (P = 0.02), and HLA-DR (P = 0.0004) expression was significantly associated with decreased T-TIL response. In 100% of patients with low T-TIL responses, at least one HLA, CAM, or CSM was undetectable on the malignant B cells by immunohistochemical staining (mean number of molecules lost = 2.67). In contrast, 49% of patients with high T-TIL responses had no losses in HLA, CAM, or CSM expression (mean number of molecules lost = 0.89). The mean number of absent molecules (HLA, CAM, or CSM) was significantly associated with T-TIL response (P = 0.0001). We conclude that loss of HLA, CAM, or CSM expression on malignant B cells is associated with a poor host T-cell immune response. In addition, because patients with low T-TIL response had lost expression of multiple cellular adhesion, recognition, and costimulatory molecules, our results suggest that a combination of immunorestorative therapies may be required to generate effective antitumor T-cell responses in B-cell DLCL.

AB - Tumor-infiltrating CD8+ T-lymphocytes (T-TILs) are thought to be relevant to immunosurveillance of several tumor types including B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. B- and T-lymphocyte interactions via cellular adhesion molecules (CAMs), recognition molecules (HLAs), and costimulatory molecules (CSMs) are necessary for optimal antigen-specific T-cell activation to occur and may be important in generating effective host T-TIL responses. We previously found that low T-TIL response (CD8+ T cells < 6%) correlates with statistically shorter relapse-free survival in patients with diffuse large-cell lymphoma (DLCL). We now extend our observations in 71 DLCL patients by analyzing malignant B-cell expression of the following molecules important in T-cell activation: (a) recognition molecules [MHC I (MAS and MCA) and MHC II (HLA-DR, -DP, -DQ)]; (b) CAMs [leukocyte function antigen 1 (CD11a and CD18) and intracellular adhesion molecule 1 (CD54)]; and (c) CSMs [B7.1 (CD80) and B7.2 (CD86)]. Eighteen patients (25%) had low a T-TIL response, and 53 patients (75%) had a high T-TIL response. Overall, expression of the MHC class II molecules HLA-DR and HLA-DQ was most conserved. The loss of B7.2 (P = 0.04), intracellular adhesion molecule 1 (P = 0.0004), MAS (P = 0.02), and HLA-DR (P = 0.0004) expression was significantly associated with decreased T-TIL response. In 100% of patients with low T-TIL responses, at least one HLA, CAM, or CSM was undetectable on the malignant B cells by immunohistochemical staining (mean number of molecules lost = 2.67). In contrast, 49% of patients with high T-TIL responses had no losses in HLA, CAM, or CSM expression (mean number of molecules lost = 0.89). The mean number of absent molecules (HLA, CAM, or CSM) was significantly associated with T-TIL response (P = 0.0001). We conclude that loss of HLA, CAM, or CSM expression on malignant B cells is associated with a poor host T-cell immune response. In addition, because patients with low T-TIL response had lost expression of multiple cellular adhesion, recognition, and costimulatory molecules, our results suggest that a combination of immunorestorative therapies may be required to generate effective antitumor T-cell responses in B-cell DLCL.

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M3 - Article

C2 - 11051236

AN - SCOPUS:0033759326

VL - 6

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EP - 3909

JO - Clinical Cancer Research

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SN - 1078-0432

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