Low conservation of functional domains of HIV type 1 vif and vpr genes in infected mothers correlates with lack of vertical transmission

V. R K Yedavalli, Nafees - Ahmad

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27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) vif and vpr sequences were analyzed from four nontransmitting mothers (infected mothers who failed to transmit HIV-1 to their infants mainly in the absence of antiretroviral therapy), including a mother with multiple deliveries, and compared with the vif and vpr sequences of five and six previously analyzed transmitting mothers, respectively. In contrast to a high functional conservation of vif and vpr genes in transmitting mother isolates, we found that there was a low degree of conservation of functional domains of these genes in nontransmitting (NT) mother isolates. For vif sequences, NT-2 contained stop codons and no initiation codons, whereas NT-1 sequences carried a substitution of a highly conserved tyrosine to histidine at position 30. In addition, NT-3 and NT-4 sequences contained additional substitutions, including asparagine at position 22, lysine at position 77 and histidine at position 110, that were absent in transmitting mother and consensus subtype B sequences. Similarly, the vpr sequences of NT-2 contained stop codons and no initiation codons, NT-4 contained a substitution of serine in place of alanine at position 30, some NT-1 sequences substituted arginine in place of glycine at position 75, and NT-3 sequences presented a deletion in the C terminus that was absent in transmitting mother and consensus subtype B sequences and is essential for Vpr function. Furthermore, vif and vpr sequences of nontransmitting mothers were less heterogeneous compared with transmitting mother sequences. In conclusion, a low degree of conservation of functional domains and heterogeneity of HIV-1 vif and vpr genes in these infected mothers correlates with lack of vertical transmission.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)911-923
Number of pages13
JournalAIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
Volume17
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - 2001

Fingerprint

vif Genes
vpr Genes
HIV-1
Mothers
Initiator Codon
Terminator Codon
Histidine
Consensus
Asparagine
Alanine
Glycine
Serine
Lysine
Tyrosine
Arginine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Virology

Cite this

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title = "Low conservation of functional domains of HIV type 1 vif and vpr genes in infected mothers correlates with lack of vertical transmission",
abstract = "Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) vif and vpr sequences were analyzed from four nontransmitting mothers (infected mothers who failed to transmit HIV-1 to their infants mainly in the absence of antiretroviral therapy), including a mother with multiple deliveries, and compared with the vif and vpr sequences of five and six previously analyzed transmitting mothers, respectively. In contrast to a high functional conservation of vif and vpr genes in transmitting mother isolates, we found that there was a low degree of conservation of functional domains of these genes in nontransmitting (NT) mother isolates. For vif sequences, NT-2 contained stop codons and no initiation codons, whereas NT-1 sequences carried a substitution of a highly conserved tyrosine to histidine at position 30. In addition, NT-3 and NT-4 sequences contained additional substitutions, including asparagine at position 22, lysine at position 77 and histidine at position 110, that were absent in transmitting mother and consensus subtype B sequences. Similarly, the vpr sequences of NT-2 contained stop codons and no initiation codons, NT-4 contained a substitution of serine in place of alanine at position 30, some NT-1 sequences substituted arginine in place of glycine at position 75, and NT-3 sequences presented a deletion in the C terminus that was absent in transmitting mother and consensus subtype B sequences and is essential for Vpr function. Furthermore, vif and vpr sequences of nontransmitting mothers were less heterogeneous compared with transmitting mother sequences. In conclusion, a low degree of conservation of functional domains and heterogeneity of HIV-1 vif and vpr genes in these infected mothers correlates with lack of vertical transmission.",
author = "Yedavalli, {V. R K} and Ahmad, {Nafees -}",
year = "2001",
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T1 - Low conservation of functional domains of HIV type 1 vif and vpr genes in infected mothers correlates with lack of vertical transmission

AU - Yedavalli, V. R K

AU - Ahmad, Nafees -

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N2 - Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) vif and vpr sequences were analyzed from four nontransmitting mothers (infected mothers who failed to transmit HIV-1 to their infants mainly in the absence of antiretroviral therapy), including a mother with multiple deliveries, and compared with the vif and vpr sequences of five and six previously analyzed transmitting mothers, respectively. In contrast to a high functional conservation of vif and vpr genes in transmitting mother isolates, we found that there was a low degree of conservation of functional domains of these genes in nontransmitting (NT) mother isolates. For vif sequences, NT-2 contained stop codons and no initiation codons, whereas NT-1 sequences carried a substitution of a highly conserved tyrosine to histidine at position 30. In addition, NT-3 and NT-4 sequences contained additional substitutions, including asparagine at position 22, lysine at position 77 and histidine at position 110, that were absent in transmitting mother and consensus subtype B sequences. Similarly, the vpr sequences of NT-2 contained stop codons and no initiation codons, NT-4 contained a substitution of serine in place of alanine at position 30, some NT-1 sequences substituted arginine in place of glycine at position 75, and NT-3 sequences presented a deletion in the C terminus that was absent in transmitting mother and consensus subtype B sequences and is essential for Vpr function. Furthermore, vif and vpr sequences of nontransmitting mothers were less heterogeneous compared with transmitting mother sequences. In conclusion, a low degree of conservation of functional domains and heterogeneity of HIV-1 vif and vpr genes in these infected mothers correlates with lack of vertical transmission.

AB - Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) vif and vpr sequences were analyzed from four nontransmitting mothers (infected mothers who failed to transmit HIV-1 to their infants mainly in the absence of antiretroviral therapy), including a mother with multiple deliveries, and compared with the vif and vpr sequences of five and six previously analyzed transmitting mothers, respectively. In contrast to a high functional conservation of vif and vpr genes in transmitting mother isolates, we found that there was a low degree of conservation of functional domains of these genes in nontransmitting (NT) mother isolates. For vif sequences, NT-2 contained stop codons and no initiation codons, whereas NT-1 sequences carried a substitution of a highly conserved tyrosine to histidine at position 30. In addition, NT-3 and NT-4 sequences contained additional substitutions, including asparagine at position 22, lysine at position 77 and histidine at position 110, that were absent in transmitting mother and consensus subtype B sequences. Similarly, the vpr sequences of NT-2 contained stop codons and no initiation codons, NT-4 contained a substitution of serine in place of alanine at position 30, some NT-1 sequences substituted arginine in place of glycine at position 75, and NT-3 sequences presented a deletion in the C terminus that was absent in transmitting mother and consensus subtype B sequences and is essential for Vpr function. Furthermore, vif and vpr sequences of nontransmitting mothers were less heterogeneous compared with transmitting mother sequences. In conclusion, a low degree of conservation of functional domains and heterogeneity of HIV-1 vif and vpr genes in these infected mothers correlates with lack of vertical transmission.

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