Low sequence variation among isolates of infectious hypodermal and hematopoietic necrosis virus (IHHNV) originating from Hawaii and the Americas

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Abstract

A 2.9 kb fragment of the infectious hypodermal and hematopoietic necrosis virus (IHHNV) genome, which contains the coding sequence of putative non-structural and capsid proteins, was amplified and sequenced from each of 14 IHHNV isolates collected from cultured penaeid shrimp stocks in Hawaii and various sites in the Americas between 1982 and 1997. The sequence comparison indicates that the IHHNV genome is very stable, with 99.6 to 100% similarity among these 14 isolates. Only nucleotide substitutions were found. The percentage of substitution was higher in the putative capsid proteins region (1.3%) than in the putative non-structural proteins region (0.6%). Out of 25 substitutions found, 14 resulted in amino acid changes. There is no apparent association between clinical outcomes and particular amino acid substitutions. Based on genetic distances, the isolates were clustered into 3 groups that generally correspond with their geographic origins.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)93-97
Number of pages5
JournalDiseases of Aquatic Organisms
Volume49
Issue number2
StatePublished - May 10 2002

Fingerprint

Infectious hematopoietic necrosis virus
Hawaii
virus
substitution
coat proteins
protein
genome
Penaeidae
amino acid
amino acid substitution
provenance
genetic distance
nucleotides
amino acids
sequence diversity
necrosis
Americas
proteins

Keywords

  • IHHNV
  • Infectious hypodermal and hematopoietic necrosis virus
  • Sequence variation
  • Shrimp virus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aquatic Science
  • Ecology

Cite this

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title = "Low sequence variation among isolates of infectious hypodermal and hematopoietic necrosis virus (IHHNV) originating from Hawaii and the Americas",
abstract = "A 2.9 kb fragment of the infectious hypodermal and hematopoietic necrosis virus (IHHNV) genome, which contains the coding sequence of putative non-structural and capsid proteins, was amplified and sequenced from each of 14 IHHNV isolates collected from cultured penaeid shrimp stocks in Hawaii and various sites in the Americas between 1982 and 1997. The sequence comparison indicates that the IHHNV genome is very stable, with 99.6 to 100{\%} similarity among these 14 isolates. Only nucleotide substitutions were found. The percentage of substitution was higher in the putative capsid proteins region (1.3{\%}) than in the putative non-structural proteins region (0.6{\%}). Out of 25 substitutions found, 14 resulted in amino acid changes. There is no apparent association between clinical outcomes and particular amino acid substitutions. Based on genetic distances, the isolates were clustered into 3 groups that generally correspond with their geographic origins.",
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N2 - A 2.9 kb fragment of the infectious hypodermal and hematopoietic necrosis virus (IHHNV) genome, which contains the coding sequence of putative non-structural and capsid proteins, was amplified and sequenced from each of 14 IHHNV isolates collected from cultured penaeid shrimp stocks in Hawaii and various sites in the Americas between 1982 and 1997. The sequence comparison indicates that the IHHNV genome is very stable, with 99.6 to 100% similarity among these 14 isolates. Only nucleotide substitutions were found. The percentage of substitution was higher in the putative capsid proteins region (1.3%) than in the putative non-structural proteins region (0.6%). Out of 25 substitutions found, 14 resulted in amino acid changes. There is no apparent association between clinical outcomes and particular amino acid substitutions. Based on genetic distances, the isolates were clustered into 3 groups that generally correspond with their geographic origins.

AB - A 2.9 kb fragment of the infectious hypodermal and hematopoietic necrosis virus (IHHNV) genome, which contains the coding sequence of putative non-structural and capsid proteins, was amplified and sequenced from each of 14 IHHNV isolates collected from cultured penaeid shrimp stocks in Hawaii and various sites in the Americas between 1982 and 1997. The sequence comparison indicates that the IHHNV genome is very stable, with 99.6 to 100% similarity among these 14 isolates. Only nucleotide substitutions were found. The percentage of substitution was higher in the putative capsid proteins region (1.3%) than in the putative non-structural proteins region (0.6%). Out of 25 substitutions found, 14 resulted in amino acid changes. There is no apparent association between clinical outcomes and particular amino acid substitutions. Based on genetic distances, the isolates were clustered into 3 groups that generally correspond with their geographic origins.

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