Lyα emission from a luminous z = 8.68 galaxy: Implications for galaxies as tracers of cosmic reionization

Adi Zitrin, Ivo Labbé, Sirio Belli, Rychard Bouwens, Richard S. Ellis, Guido Roberts-Borsani, Daniel P Stark, Pascal A. Oesch, Renske Smit

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

We report the discovery of Lyman-alpha emission (Lyα) in the bright galaxy EGSY-2008532660 (hereafter EGSY8p7) using the Multi-Object Spectrometer For Infra-Red Exploration spectrograph at the Keck Observatory. First reported by Roberts-Borsani et al., this galaxy was selected for spectroscopic observations because of its photometric redshift (), apparent brightness (H), and red Spitzer/IRAC [3.6]-[4.5] color indicative of contamination by strong oxygen emission in the [4.5] band. With a total integration of ∼4.3 hr, our data reveal an emission line at ≃11776 that we argue is likely Lyα at a redshift of , in good agreement with the photometric estimate. The line was detected independently on two nights using different slit orientations and its detection significance is . An overlapping skyline contributes significantly to the uncertainty on the total line flux, although the significance of the detected line is robust to a variety of skyline-masking procedures. By direct addition and a Gaussian fit, we estimate a 95% confidence range of 1.0-2.5 × 10<sup>-17</sup> erg s<sup>-1</sup> cm<sup>-2</sup>, corresponding to a rest-frame equivalent width of 17-42 .EGSY8p7 is the most distant spectroscopically confirmed galaxy to date, and the third luminous source in the EGS field beyond with detectable Lyα emission, viewed at a time when the intergalactic medium is believed to be fairly neutral. Although the reionization process was probably patchy, we discuss whether luminous sources with prominent IRAC color excesses may harbor harder ionizing spectra than the dominant fainter population, thereby creating earlier ionized bubbles. Further spectroscopic follow-up of such bright sources promises important insights into the early formation of galaxies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberL12
JournalAstrophysical Journal Letters
Volume810
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2015

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Keywords

  • cosmology: observations
  • galaxies: evolution
  • galaxies: formation
  • galaxies: high-redshift

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics

Cite this

Zitrin, A., Labbé, I., Belli, S., Bouwens, R., Ellis, R. S., Roberts-Borsani, G., ... Smit, R. (2015). Lyα emission from a luminous z = 8.68 galaxy: Implications for galaxies as tracers of cosmic reionization. Astrophysical Journal Letters, 810(1), [L12]. https://doi.org/10.1088/2041-8205/810/1/L12

Lyα emission from a luminous z = 8.68 galaxy : Implications for galaxies as tracers of cosmic reionization. / Zitrin, Adi; Labbé, Ivo; Belli, Sirio; Bouwens, Rychard; Ellis, Richard S.; Roberts-Borsani, Guido; Stark, Daniel P; Oesch, Pascal A.; Smit, Renske.

In: Astrophysical Journal Letters, Vol. 810, No. 1, L12, 01.09.2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Zitrin, A, Labbé, I, Belli, S, Bouwens, R, Ellis, RS, Roberts-Borsani, G, Stark, DP, Oesch, PA & Smit, R 2015, 'Lyα emission from a luminous z = 8.68 galaxy: Implications for galaxies as tracers of cosmic reionization', Astrophysical Journal Letters, vol. 810, no. 1, L12. https://doi.org/10.1088/2041-8205/810/1/L12
Zitrin, Adi ; Labbé, Ivo ; Belli, Sirio ; Bouwens, Rychard ; Ellis, Richard S. ; Roberts-Borsani, Guido ; Stark, Daniel P ; Oesch, Pascal A. ; Smit, Renske. / Lyα emission from a luminous z = 8.68 galaxy : Implications for galaxies as tracers of cosmic reionization. In: Astrophysical Journal Letters. 2015 ; Vol. 810, No. 1.
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abstract = "We report the discovery of Lyman-alpha emission (Lyα) in the bright galaxy EGSY-2008532660 (hereafter EGSY8p7) using the Multi-Object Spectrometer For Infra-Red Exploration spectrograph at the Keck Observatory. First reported by Roberts-Borsani et al., this galaxy was selected for spectroscopic observations because of its photometric redshift (), apparent brightness (H), and red Spitzer/IRAC [3.6]-[4.5] color indicative of contamination by strong oxygen emission in the [4.5] band. With a total integration of ∼4.3 hr, our data reveal an emission line at ≃11776 that we argue is likely Lyα at a redshift of , in good agreement with the photometric estimate. The line was detected independently on two nights using different slit orientations and its detection significance is . An overlapping skyline contributes significantly to the uncertainty on the total line flux, although the significance of the detected line is robust to a variety of skyline-masking procedures. By direct addition and a Gaussian fit, we estimate a 95{\%} confidence range of 1.0-2.5 × 10-17 erg s-1 cm-2, corresponding to a rest-frame equivalent width of 17-42 .EGSY8p7 is the most distant spectroscopically confirmed galaxy to date, and the third luminous source in the EGS field beyond with detectable Lyα emission, viewed at a time when the intergalactic medium is believed to be fairly neutral. Although the reionization process was probably patchy, we discuss whether luminous sources with prominent IRAC color excesses may harbor harder ionizing spectra than the dominant fainter population, thereby creating earlier ionized bubbles. Further spectroscopic follow-up of such bright sources promises important insights into the early formation of galaxies.",
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AU - Ellis, Richard S.

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