Lymphoproliferative disorder of the airway of an adolescent without immunodeficiency

R. P. Boesch, M. Daines, A. Kaul, R. Cotton, R. Amin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is a ubiquitous viral pathogen in humans that has a unique ability to immortalize B-cells. In immunosuppressed individuals, EBV can produce non-neoplastic lymphoproliferative disorders involving various organs. We describe a case report of EBV-associated lymphoproliferative disorder in an immunocompetent 14-year-old male. The case provides a description of EBV-associated lymphoproliferation affecting the upper and lower respiratory tract. The massive submucosal infiltration of B-cells in the lingual tonsils, trachea, and bronchi produced near-complete airway obstruction resulting in tracheotomy. Neither surgical reduction of lingual tonsils nor treatment with steroids was of benefit. An extensive evaluation for immunodeficiency and neoplasia was normal. Treatment with rituximab, an anti-CD20 antibody, resulted in near-complete resolution of the infiltrative process, sufficient to allow decannulation. Rituximab is a treatment option for the rare occurrence of non-neoplastic, EBV-associated, lymphoproliferative disorders.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1591-1594
Number of pages4
JournalInternational Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Volume69
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2005
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Epstein-Barr virus
  • Lymphoproliferative disorder
  • Rituximab

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Otorhinolaryngology

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