MAGELLAN ADAPTIVE OPTICS FIRST-LIGHT OBSERVATIONS of the EXOPLANET β PIC b. II. 3-5 μm DIRECT IMAGING with MagAO+Clio, and the EMPIRICAL BOLOMETRIC LUMINOSITY of A SELF-LUMINOUS GIANT PLANET

Katie M. Morzinski, Jared R. Males, Andy J. Skemer, Laird M Close, Philip M Hinz, T. J. Rodigas, Alfio Puglisi, Simone Esposito, Armando Riccardi, Enrico Pinna, Marco Xompero, Runa Briguglio, Vanessa P. Bailey, Katherine B. Follette, Derek Kopon, Alycia J. Weinberger, Ya Lin Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

52 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Young giant exoplanets are a unique laboratory for understanding cool, low-gravity atmospheres. A quintessential example is the massive extrasolar planet β Pic b, which is 9 AU from and embedded in the debris disk of the young nearby A6V star β Pictoris. We observed the system with first light of the Magellan Adaptive Optics (MagAO) system. In Paper I we presented the first CCD detection of this planet with MagAO+VisAO. Here we present four MagAO+Clio images of β Pic b at 3.1 μm, 3.3 μm, L′, and including the first observation in the fundamental CH4 band. To remove systematic errors from the spectral energy distribution (SED), we re-calibrate the literature photometry and combine it with our own data, for a total of 22 independent measurements at 16 passbands from 0.99 to 4.8 μm. Atmosphere models demonstrate the planet is cloudy but are degenerate in effective temperature and radius. The measured SED now covers >80% of the planet's energy, so we approach the bolometric luminosity empirically. We calculate the luminosity by extending the measured SED with a blackbody and integrating to find log(/) From our bolometric luminosity and an age of 23 ±3 Myr, hot-start evolutionary tracks give a mass of 12.7 ±0.3 , radius of 1.45 ±0.02 , and Teff of 1708 ±23 K (model-dependent errors not included). Our empirically determined luminosity is in agreement with values from atmospheric models (typically dex), but brighter than values from the field-dwarf bolometric correction (typically dex), illustrating the limitations in comparing young exoplanets to old brown dwarfs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number108
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume815
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 20 2015

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adaptive optics
extrasolar planets
planet
spectral energy distribution
luminosity
planets
energy
atmospheres
radii
atmospheric models
atmosphere
microgravity
debris
systematic errors
photometry
charge coupled devices
gravity
stars
distribution
young

Keywords

  • instrumentation: adaptive optics
  • planetary systems
  • planets and satellites: individual (Beta Pictoris b)
  • stars: individual (Beta Pictoris)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics

Cite this

MAGELLAN ADAPTIVE OPTICS FIRST-LIGHT OBSERVATIONS of the EXOPLANET β PIC b. II. 3-5 μm DIRECT IMAGING with MagAO+Clio, and the EMPIRICAL BOLOMETRIC LUMINOSITY of A SELF-LUMINOUS GIANT PLANET. / Morzinski, Katie M.; Males, Jared R.; Skemer, Andy J.; Close, Laird M; Hinz, Philip M; Rodigas, T. J.; Puglisi, Alfio; Esposito, Simone; Riccardi, Armando; Pinna, Enrico; Xompero, Marco; Briguglio, Runa; Bailey, Vanessa P.; Follette, Katherine B.; Kopon, Derek; Weinberger, Alycia J.; Wu, Ya Lin.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 815, No. 2, 108, 20.12.2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Morzinski, KM, Males, JR, Skemer, AJ, Close, LM, Hinz, PM, Rodigas, TJ, Puglisi, A, Esposito, S, Riccardi, A, Pinna, E, Xompero, M, Briguglio, R, Bailey, VP, Follette, KB, Kopon, D, Weinberger, AJ & Wu, YL 2015, 'MAGELLAN ADAPTIVE OPTICS FIRST-LIGHT OBSERVATIONS of the EXOPLANET β PIC b. II. 3-5 μm DIRECT IMAGING with MagAO+Clio, and the EMPIRICAL BOLOMETRIC LUMINOSITY of A SELF-LUMINOUS GIANT PLANET', Astrophysical Journal, vol. 815, no. 2, 108. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/815/2/108
Morzinski, Katie M. ; Males, Jared R. ; Skemer, Andy J. ; Close, Laird M ; Hinz, Philip M ; Rodigas, T. J. ; Puglisi, Alfio ; Esposito, Simone ; Riccardi, Armando ; Pinna, Enrico ; Xompero, Marco ; Briguglio, Runa ; Bailey, Vanessa P. ; Follette, Katherine B. ; Kopon, Derek ; Weinberger, Alycia J. ; Wu, Ya Lin. / MAGELLAN ADAPTIVE OPTICS FIRST-LIGHT OBSERVATIONS of the EXOPLANET β PIC b. II. 3-5 μm DIRECT IMAGING with MagAO+Clio, and the EMPIRICAL BOLOMETRIC LUMINOSITY of A SELF-LUMINOUS GIANT PLANET. In: Astrophysical Journal. 2015 ; Vol. 815, No. 2.
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AU - Morzinski, Katie M.

AU - Males, Jared R.

AU - Skemer, Andy J.

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AU - Hinz, Philip M

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