Magnetic properties of Pd/Co multilayers

W. R. Bennett, C. D. England, D. C. Person, C. M. Falco

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42 Scopus citations


Measurements of the magnetic anisotropy of a series of Pd/Co multilayers grown by magnetically enhanced dc triode sputter deposition revealed an interface contribution of 0.53 erg/cm2 and a net volume anisotropy of -13.2×108 erg/cm3. A characteristic reduction of perpendicular anisotropy for ultrathin Co layers (<4 Å) is explained by using a pair interaction model to evaluate a thickness dependence of the interface anisotropy. For Pd-Co interfaces with perfectly sharp composition modulation an interface anisotropy of 0.79 erg/cm2 is predicted. By modeling the magnetization behavior a domain-wall energy density of 2±0.5 erg/cm2 is obtained for Pd/Co (2 Å) multilayers with Pd thicknesses in the range of 4-20 Å. For perpendicular Pd 75Co25 alloy thin films the same model gives domain-wall energy densities in the range of 1-2 erg/cm2. For ultrathin Co layers the interlayer Co-Co coupling range is ∼20 Å. Temperature dependence of saturation magnetization of a Pd(11 Å)/Co(7.8 Å) multilayer demonstrates complete mixing of Pd and Co by 380°C.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4384-4390
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Issue number8
StatePublished - 1991

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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