Malignant uterine smooth muscle tumors: Role of etoposide, cisplatin, and doxorubicin (EPA) chemotherapy

E. Resnik, S. K. Chambers, M. L. Carcangiu, E. I. Kohorn, P. E. Schwartz, J. T. Chambers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Nearly 80% of patients with malignant uterine smooth muscle tumor will suffer local relapse and/or distant metastases after initial surgical resection. There is no convincing evidence that the addition of pelvic radiation improves the outcome. However, adjuvant chemotherapy might be an appropriate therapeutic modality. Methods: Between 1986 and 1991, 13 consecutive patients with malignant uterine smooth muscle tumors were treated at Yale-New Haven Hospital with a combination chemotherapy containing etoposide 100 mg/M2 on days 1 and 2, cisplatin 50 mg/M2 on day 1, and doxorubicin 50 mg/M2 on day 1, repeated every 28 days. Six patients had Stage I disease, one patient had Stage III disease, and six patients had Stage IV disease. The number of cycles ranged from 2 to 9. Results: The median follow-up was 30 months (range 4-81). The mean overall survival for the group was 43.1 ± 6.7 months, with the progression-free interval of 25.5 ± 8.0 months. Of the seven patients with evaluable disease, one patient had complete response and one had partial response (total response rate of 28.6%). Of the six patients treated adjuvantly, three recurred at 9, 33, and 59 months (recurrence rate of 50%). Conclusions: We conclude that this combination has only modest activity against malignant uterine smooth muscle tumors at the schedule and doses tested.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)145-147
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Surgical Oncology
Volume63
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 1996
Externally publishedYes

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Oncology

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