PURPOSE: To report experience with techniques for management of misplaced or migrated endovascular stents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: During a 5- year period, percutaneous management of 27 misplaced or migrated endovascular stents (16 Palmaz, 11 Wallstents) in 25 patients was attempted. The 17 venous and 10 arterial stents were rescued from the aorta (n = 9), inferior vena cava (IVC) (n = 4), transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt/IVC (n = 2), right atrium (n = 3), right ventricle (n = 2), pulmonary artery (n = 2), iliac vein (n = 2), iliac artery (n = 1), superior vena cava (n = 1), and superior mesenteric vein (n = 1). RESULTS: Stent management was successful in 26 of 27 cases (96%). Eleven stents were removed percutaneously, two were repositioned and removed with a minor surgical procedure, and 13 were repositioned and deployed in a stable alternate location. The only complication was the development of tricuspid insufficiency in the single case in which the procedure failed (4% complication rate). This patient's stent was eventually surgically removed from the right ventricle. CONCLUSION: Misplaced or migrated endovascular Palmaz and Wallstents can be effectively managed with few complications by using a variety of percutaneous techniques.
- Foreign bodies
- Stents and prostheses
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine