Mapping the Galactic halo. II. Photometric survey

R. C. Dohm-Palmer, Mario Mateo, E. Olszewski, H. Morrison, Paul Harding, Kenneth C. Freeman, John Norris

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

We present imaging results from a high Galactic latitude survey designed to examine the structure of the Galactic halo. The objective of the survey is to identify candidate halo stars which can be observed spectroscopically to obtain radial velocities and confirm halo membership. The Washington filter system is used for its ability to distinguish between dwarfs and giants, as well as provide a metallicity indicator. Our most successful imaging run used the BTC camera on the CTIO 4 m telescope in 1999 April. Photometric conditions during these observations provided superb photometry, with average errors for a star at M = 18.5 of 0.009, 0.008, 0.011, and 0.009 for C, M, DDO51, and T2, respectively. We use these data as a template to describe the details of our photometric reduction process. It is designed to perform CCD reductions and stellar photometry automatically during the observation run, without the aid of external packages, such as IRAF and IDL. We describe necessary deviations from this procedure for other instruments used in the survey up to 2000 June. Preliminary results from spectroscopic observations indicate a 97% efficiency in eliminating normal dwarfs from halo giant candidates for M < 18.5. Unfortunately, low-metallicity subdwarfs cannot be photometrically distinguished from giants using the Washington filters. These major contaminants unavoidably reduced the overall giant identification efficiency to 66% for M < 18.5. Our improved knowledge of these stars will increase this efficiency for future spectroscopic observations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2496-2512
Number of pages17
JournalAstronomical Journal
Volume120
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2000

Keywords

  • Galaxy: evolution
  • Galaxy: formation
  • Galaxy: halo
  • Galaxy: stellar content

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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