Mapping the structure and depth of lava tubes using ground penetrating radar

Hideaki Miyamoto, Jun'ichi Haruyama, Takao Kobayashi, Keiiti Suzuki, Tatsuaki Okada, Toshiyuki Nishibori, Adam P. Showman, Ralph Lorenz, Katsuro Mogi, David A. Crown, Jose A.P. Rodriguez, Shuichi Rokugawa, Tomochika Tokunaga, Kazuhiko Masumoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

The formation of lava tubes is one of the most significant factors controlling the emplacement of lava flows. However, extents and structures of lava tubes are typically not precisely known due to the difficulty in finding lava tubes in the field. We developed a new stepped-frequency ground penetrating radar (GPR) system with shielded antennas, which allows measurements that have both high spatial resolution and large penetration depth. We performed two types of measurements over an inactive lava flow and show that this method can easily detect the existence of a lava tube. Importantly, phase reversals of the reflection signals can help identify reflections from a lava tube. Using these reflection patterns, we estimate the vertical dimension and the depth of a lava tube at Fuji volcano, which are validated by survey measurements. The presented method may be the most practical way to map terrestrial and perhaps extraterrestrial lava tubes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberL21316
Pages (from-to)1-5
Number of pages5
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Volume32
Issue number21
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 16 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

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    Miyamoto, H., Haruyama, J., Kobayashi, T., Suzuki, K., Okada, T., Nishibori, T., Showman, A. P., Lorenz, R., Mogi, K., Crown, D. A., Rodriguez, J. A. P., Rokugawa, S., Tokunaga, T., & Masumoto, K. (2005). Mapping the structure and depth of lava tubes using ground penetrating radar. Geophysical Research Letters, 32(21), 1-5. [L21316]. https://doi.org/10.1029/2005GL024159