Marine DNA Viral Macro- and Microdiversity from Pole to Pole

Tara Oceans Coordinators

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

43 Scopus citations

Abstract

Microbes drive most ecosystems and are modulated by viruses that impact their lifespan, gene flow, and metabolic outputs. However, ecosystem-level impacts of viral community diversity remain difficult to assess due to classification issues and few reference genomes. Here, we establish an ∼12-fold expanded global ocean DNA virome dataset of 195,728 viral populations, now including the Arctic Ocean, and validate that these populations form discrete genotypic clusters. Meta-community analyses revealed five ecological zones throughout the global ocean, including two distinct Arctic regions. Across the zones, local and global patterns and drivers in viral community diversity were established for both macrodiversity (inter-population diversity) and microdiversity (intra-population genetic variation). These patterns sometimes, but not always, paralleled those from macro-organisms and revealed temperate and tropical surface waters and the Arctic as biodiversity hotspots and mechanistic hypotheses to explain them. Such further understanding of ocean viruses is critical for broader inclusion in ecosystem models. A global survey of ocean virus genomes vastly expands our understanding of this understudied community and reveals the Arctic as unexpected hotspot for viral biodiversity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1109-1123.e14
JournalCell
Volume177
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 16 2019

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Keywords

  • community ecology
  • diversity gradients
  • marine biology
  • metagenomics
  • population ecology
  • species
  • viruses

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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