Mass Reaction to Regime Change in Eastern Europe: Polarization or Leaders and Laggards?

Richard Rose, William T Mishler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

66 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Regime changes occur at two levels, the macro and the micro. In Eastern Europe there has been holistic change at the regime level, but at the micro level individuals can differ in their reactions, some favouring the new and some preferring the old regime, thus creating aggregates of supporters and opponents of the new regime. Combining reactions to the old and new regimes results in a typology of democrats, reactionaries, sceptics and the compliant. Nationwide surveys in Bulgaria. Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Poland and Romania show that democrats overall are a bare majority of the respondents. If current divisions persist, then East Europeans will be politically polarized. Statistical tests of the influence of socia{, structure apdTecbhomic attitudes upon individual responses to regime change emphashe the ithkortance of sociotropic economic assessments. But the data also show that most who do not currently support the pluralist regime expect to do so in the foreseeable future; they are laggards rather than anti-democrats. Moreover, the level of future support is so high that it is likely to be proof against fluctuations in the economic conditions of the new regimes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)159-182
Number of pages24
JournalBritish Journal of Political Science
Volume24
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1994
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

polarization
Eastern Europe
regime
leader
Czechoslovakia
statistical test
Bulgaria
Romania
micro level
Hungary
fluctuation
Poland
economics
typology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sociology and Political Science

Cite this

Mass Reaction to Regime Change in Eastern Europe : Polarization or Leaders and Laggards? / Rose, Richard; Mishler, William T.

In: British Journal of Political Science, Vol. 24, No. 2, 1994, p. 159-182.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{ee9f810295a84d9885391372ad228458,
title = "Mass Reaction to Regime Change in Eastern Europe: Polarization or Leaders and Laggards?",
abstract = "Regime changes occur at two levels, the macro and the micro. In Eastern Europe there has been holistic change at the regime level, but at the micro level individuals can differ in their reactions, some favouring the new and some preferring the old regime, thus creating aggregates of supporters and opponents of the new regime. Combining reactions to the old and new regimes results in a typology of democrats, reactionaries, sceptics and the compliant. Nationwide surveys in Bulgaria. Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Poland and Romania show that democrats overall are a bare majority of the respondents. If current divisions persist, then East Europeans will be politically polarized. Statistical tests of the influence of socia{, structure apdTecbhomic attitudes upon individual responses to regime change emphashe the ithkortance of sociotropic economic assessments. But the data also show that most who do not currently support the pluralist regime expect to do so in the foreseeable future; they are laggards rather than anti-democrats. Moreover, the level of future support is so high that it is likely to be proof against fluctuations in the economic conditions of the new regimes.",
author = "Richard Rose and Mishler, {William T}",
year = "1994",
doi = "10.1017/S0007123400009777",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "24",
pages = "159--182",
journal = "British Journal of Political Science",
issn = "0007-1234",
publisher = "Cambridge University Press",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Mass Reaction to Regime Change in Eastern Europe

T2 - Polarization or Leaders and Laggards?

AU - Rose, Richard

AU - Mishler, William T

PY - 1994

Y1 - 1994

N2 - Regime changes occur at two levels, the macro and the micro. In Eastern Europe there has been holistic change at the regime level, but at the micro level individuals can differ in their reactions, some favouring the new and some preferring the old regime, thus creating aggregates of supporters and opponents of the new regime. Combining reactions to the old and new regimes results in a typology of democrats, reactionaries, sceptics and the compliant. Nationwide surveys in Bulgaria. Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Poland and Romania show that democrats overall are a bare majority of the respondents. If current divisions persist, then East Europeans will be politically polarized. Statistical tests of the influence of socia{, structure apdTecbhomic attitudes upon individual responses to regime change emphashe the ithkortance of sociotropic economic assessments. But the data also show that most who do not currently support the pluralist regime expect to do so in the foreseeable future; they are laggards rather than anti-democrats. Moreover, the level of future support is so high that it is likely to be proof against fluctuations in the economic conditions of the new regimes.

AB - Regime changes occur at two levels, the macro and the micro. In Eastern Europe there has been holistic change at the regime level, but at the micro level individuals can differ in their reactions, some favouring the new and some preferring the old regime, thus creating aggregates of supporters and opponents of the new regime. Combining reactions to the old and new regimes results in a typology of democrats, reactionaries, sceptics and the compliant. Nationwide surveys in Bulgaria. Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Poland and Romania show that democrats overall are a bare majority of the respondents. If current divisions persist, then East Europeans will be politically polarized. Statistical tests of the influence of socia{, structure apdTecbhomic attitudes upon individual responses to regime change emphashe the ithkortance of sociotropic economic assessments. But the data also show that most who do not currently support the pluralist regime expect to do so in the foreseeable future; they are laggards rather than anti-democrats. Moreover, the level of future support is so high that it is likely to be proof against fluctuations in the economic conditions of the new regimes.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84972066380&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84972066380&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1017/S0007123400009777

DO - 10.1017/S0007123400009777

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84972066380

VL - 24

SP - 159

EP - 182

JO - British Journal of Political Science

JF - British Journal of Political Science

SN - 0007-1234

IS - 2

ER -