Mathematics deficiencies in children with very low birth weight or very preterm birth

H. Gerry Taylor, Kimberly Andrews Espy, Peter J. Anderson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

66 Scopus citations

Abstract

Children with very low birth weight (VLBW, <1500 g) or very preterm birth (VPTB, <32 weeks gestational age or GA) have more mathematics disabilities or deficiencies (MD) and higher rates of mathematics learning disabilities (MLD) than normal birth weight term-born children (NBW, >2500 g and >36 weeks GA). MD are found even in children without global disorders in cognition or neurosensory status and when IQ is controlled, and they are associated with other learning problems and weaknesses in perceptual motor abilities and executive function. Factors related to poorer mathematics outcomes include lower birth weight and GA, neonatal complications, and possible abnormalities in brain structure. While little is known about the nature of MD in these children, studies of MLD in other neurodevelopmental disorders and in children with learning disabilities provide useful models for further investigation. Further investigation of the neuropsychological and neuropathological correlates of distinct types of mathematics difficulties is also needed. Studies along these lines will yield information about the unique features of MD in children with VLBW/VPTB and about the nature and origins of poor mathematics achievement more generally.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)52-59
Number of pages8
JournalDevelopmental Disabilities Research Reviews
Volume15
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2009

Keywords

  • Mathematics learning disabilities
  • Neuropsychological impairment
  • Very low birth weight

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Mathematics deficiencies in children with very low birth weight or very preterm birth'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this