MAVEN observations of the response of Mars to an interplanetary coronal mass ejection

B. M. Jakosky, J. M. Grebowsky, J. G. Luhmann, J. Connerney, F. Eparvier, R. Ergun, J. Halekas, D. Larson, P. Mahaffy, J. McFadden, D. F. Mitchell, N. Schneider, R. Zurek, S. Bougher, D. Brain, Y. J. Ma, C. Mazelle, L. Andersson, D. Andrews, D. Baird & 74 others D. Baker, J. M. Bell, M. Benna, M. Chaffin, P. Chamberlin, Y. Y. Chaufray, J. Clarke, G. Collinson, M. Combi, F. Crary, T. Cravens, M. Crismani, S. Curry, D. Curtis, J. Deighan, G. Delory, R. Dewey, G. DiBraccio, C. Dong, Y. Dong, P. Dunn, M. Elrod, S. England, A. Eriksson, J. Espley, S. Evans, X. Fang, M. Fillingim, K. Fortier, C. M. Fowler, J. Fox, H. Gröller, S. Guzewich, T. Hara, Y. Harada, G. Holsclaw, S. K. Jain, R. Jolitz, F. Leblanc, C. O. Lee, Y. Lee, F. Lefevre, R. Lillis, R. Livi, D. Lo, M. Mayyasi, W. McClintock, T. McEnulty, R. Modolo, F. Montmessin, M. Morooka, A. Nagy, K. Olsen, W. Peterson, A. Rahmati, S. Ruhunusiri, C. T. Russell, S. Sakai, J. A. Sauvaud, K. Seki, M. Steckiewicz, M. Stevens, A. I F Stewart, A. Stiepen, S. Stone, V. Tenishev, E. Thiemann, R. Tolson, D. Toublanc, M. Vogt, T. Weber, P. Withers, T. Woods, Roger Yelle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

84 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Coupling between the lower and upper atmosphere, combined with loss of gas from the upper atmosphere to space, likely contributed to the thin, cold, dry atmosphere of modern Mars. To help understand ongoing ion loss to space, the Mars Atmosphere and Volatile Evolution (MAVEN) spacecraft made comprehensive measurements of the Mars upper atmosphere, ionosphere, and interactions with the Sun and solar wind during an interplanetary coronal mass ejection impact in March 2015. Responses include changes in the bow shock and magnetosheath, formation of widespread diffuse aurora, and enhancement of pick-up ions. Observations and models both show an enhancement in escape rate of ions to space during the event. Ion loss during solar events early in Mars history may have been a major contributor to the long-Term evolution of the Mars atmosphere.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberA2
JournalScience
Volume350
Issue number6261
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 6 2015

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coronal mass ejection
Mars
upper atmosphere
atmosphere
ion
aurora
solar wind
ionosphere
spacecraft
history
gas
loss

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

Jakosky, B. M., Grebowsky, J. M., Luhmann, J. G., Connerney, J., Eparvier, F., Ergun, R., ... Yelle, R. (2015). MAVEN observations of the response of Mars to an interplanetary coronal mass ejection. Science, 350(6261), [A2]. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aad0210

MAVEN observations of the response of Mars to an interplanetary coronal mass ejection. / Jakosky, B. M.; Grebowsky, J. M.; Luhmann, J. G.; Connerney, J.; Eparvier, F.; Ergun, R.; Halekas, J.; Larson, D.; Mahaffy, P.; McFadden, J.; Mitchell, D. F.; Schneider, N.; Zurek, R.; Bougher, S.; Brain, D.; Ma, Y. J.; Mazelle, C.; Andersson, L.; Andrews, D.; Baird, D.; Baker, D.; Bell, J. M.; Benna, M.; Chaffin, M.; Chamberlin, P.; Chaufray, Y. Y.; Clarke, J.; Collinson, G.; Combi, M.; Crary, F.; Cravens, T.; Crismani, M.; Curry, S.; Curtis, D.; Deighan, J.; Delory, G.; Dewey, R.; DiBraccio, G.; Dong, C.; Dong, Y.; Dunn, P.; Elrod, M.; England, S.; Eriksson, A.; Espley, J.; Evans, S.; Fang, X.; Fillingim, M.; Fortier, K.; Fowler, C. M.; Fox, J.; Gröller, H.; Guzewich, S.; Hara, T.; Harada, Y.; Holsclaw, G.; Jain, S. K.; Jolitz, R.; Leblanc, F.; Lee, C. O.; Lee, Y.; Lefevre, F.; Lillis, R.; Livi, R.; Lo, D.; Mayyasi, M.; McClintock, W.; McEnulty, T.; Modolo, R.; Montmessin, F.; Morooka, M.; Nagy, A.; Olsen, K.; Peterson, W.; Rahmati, A.; Ruhunusiri, S.; Russell, C. T.; Sakai, S.; Sauvaud, J. A.; Seki, K.; Steckiewicz, M.; Stevens, M.; Stewart, A. I F; Stiepen, A.; Stone, S.; Tenishev, V.; Thiemann, E.; Tolson, R.; Toublanc, D.; Vogt, M.; Weber, T.; Withers, P.; Woods, T.; Yelle, Roger.

In: Science, Vol. 350, No. 6261, A2, 06.11.2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Jakosky, BM, Grebowsky, JM, Luhmann, JG, Connerney, J, Eparvier, F, Ergun, R, Halekas, J, Larson, D, Mahaffy, P, McFadden, J, Mitchell, DF, Schneider, N, Zurek, R, Bougher, S, Brain, D, Ma, YJ, Mazelle, C, Andersson, L, Andrews, D, Baird, D, Baker, D, Bell, JM, Benna, M, Chaffin, M, Chamberlin, P, Chaufray, YY, Clarke, J, Collinson, G, Combi, M, Crary, F, Cravens, T, Crismani, M, Curry, S, Curtis, D, Deighan, J, Delory, G, Dewey, R, DiBraccio, G, Dong, C, Dong, Y, Dunn, P, Elrod, M, England, S, Eriksson, A, Espley, J, Evans, S, Fang, X, Fillingim, M, Fortier, K, Fowler, CM, Fox, J, Gröller, H, Guzewich, S, Hara, T, Harada, Y, Holsclaw, G, Jain, SK, Jolitz, R, Leblanc, F, Lee, CO, Lee, Y, Lefevre, F, Lillis, R, Livi, R, Lo, D, Mayyasi, M, McClintock, W, McEnulty, T, Modolo, R, Montmessin, F, Morooka, M, Nagy, A, Olsen, K, Peterson, W, Rahmati, A, Ruhunusiri, S, Russell, CT, Sakai, S, Sauvaud, JA, Seki, K, Steckiewicz, M, Stevens, M, Stewart, AIF, Stiepen, A, Stone, S, Tenishev, V, Thiemann, E, Tolson, R, Toublanc, D, Vogt, M, Weber, T, Withers, P, Woods, T & Yelle, R 2015, 'MAVEN observations of the response of Mars to an interplanetary coronal mass ejection', Science, vol. 350, no. 6261, A2. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aad0210
Jakosky BM, Grebowsky JM, Luhmann JG, Connerney J, Eparvier F, Ergun R et al. MAVEN observations of the response of Mars to an interplanetary coronal mass ejection. Science. 2015 Nov 6;350(6261). A2. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aad0210
Jakosky, B. M. ; Grebowsky, J. M. ; Luhmann, J. G. ; Connerney, J. ; Eparvier, F. ; Ergun, R. ; Halekas, J. ; Larson, D. ; Mahaffy, P. ; McFadden, J. ; Mitchell, D. F. ; Schneider, N. ; Zurek, R. ; Bougher, S. ; Brain, D. ; Ma, Y. J. ; Mazelle, C. ; Andersson, L. ; Andrews, D. ; Baird, D. ; Baker, D. ; Bell, J. M. ; Benna, M. ; Chaffin, M. ; Chamberlin, P. ; Chaufray, Y. Y. ; Clarke, J. ; Collinson, G. ; Combi, M. ; Crary, F. ; Cravens, T. ; Crismani, M. ; Curry, S. ; Curtis, D. ; Deighan, J. ; Delory, G. ; Dewey, R. ; DiBraccio, G. ; Dong, C. ; Dong, Y. ; Dunn, P. ; Elrod, M. ; England, S. ; Eriksson, A. ; Espley, J. ; Evans, S. ; Fang, X. ; Fillingim, M. ; Fortier, K. ; Fowler, C. M. ; Fox, J. ; Gröller, H. ; Guzewich, S. ; Hara, T. ; Harada, Y. ; Holsclaw, G. ; Jain, S. K. ; Jolitz, R. ; Leblanc, F. ; Lee, C. O. ; Lee, Y. ; Lefevre, F. ; Lillis, R. ; Livi, R. ; Lo, D. ; Mayyasi, M. ; McClintock, W. ; McEnulty, T. ; Modolo, R. ; Montmessin, F. ; Morooka, M. ; Nagy, A. ; Olsen, K. ; Peterson, W. ; Rahmati, A. ; Ruhunusiri, S. ; Russell, C. T. ; Sakai, S. ; Sauvaud, J. A. ; Seki, K. ; Steckiewicz, M. ; Stevens, M. ; Stewart, A. I F ; Stiepen, A. ; Stone, S. ; Tenishev, V. ; Thiemann, E. ; Tolson, R. ; Toublanc, D. ; Vogt, M. ; Weber, T. ; Withers, P. ; Woods, T. ; Yelle, Roger. / MAVEN observations of the response of Mars to an interplanetary coronal mass ejection. In: Science. 2015 ; Vol. 350, No. 6261.
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abstract = "Coupling between the lower and upper atmosphere, combined with loss of gas from the upper atmosphere to space, likely contributed to the thin, cold, dry atmosphere of modern Mars. To help understand ongoing ion loss to space, the Mars Atmosphere and Volatile Evolution (MAVEN) spacecraft made comprehensive measurements of the Mars upper atmosphere, ionosphere, and interactions with the Sun and solar wind during an interplanetary coronal mass ejection impact in March 2015. Responses include changes in the bow shock and magnetosheath, formation of widespread diffuse aurora, and enhancement of pick-up ions. Observations and models both show an enhancement in escape rate of ions to space during the event. Ion loss during solar events early in Mars history may have been a major contributor to the long-Term evolution of the Mars atmosphere.",
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T1 - MAVEN observations of the response of Mars to an interplanetary coronal mass ejection

AU - Jakosky, B. M.

AU - Grebowsky, J. M.

AU - Luhmann, J. G.

AU - Connerney, J.

AU - Eparvier, F.

AU - Ergun, R.

AU - Halekas, J.

AU - Larson, D.

AU - Mahaffy, P.

AU - McFadden, J.

AU - Mitchell, D. F.

AU - Schneider, N.

AU - Zurek, R.

AU - Bougher, S.

AU - Brain, D.

AU - Ma, Y. J.

AU - Mazelle, C.

AU - Andersson, L.

AU - Andrews, D.

AU - Baird, D.

AU - Baker, D.

AU - Bell, J. M.

AU - Benna, M.

AU - Chaffin, M.

AU - Chamberlin, P.

AU - Chaufray, Y. Y.

AU - Clarke, J.

AU - Collinson, G.

AU - Combi, M.

AU - Crary, F.

AU - Cravens, T.

AU - Crismani, M.

AU - Curry, S.

AU - Curtis, D.

AU - Deighan, J.

AU - Delory, G.

AU - Dewey, R.

AU - DiBraccio, G.

AU - Dong, C.

AU - Dong, Y.

AU - Dunn, P.

AU - Elrod, M.

AU - England, S.

AU - Eriksson, A.

AU - Espley, J.

AU - Evans, S.

AU - Fang, X.

AU - Fillingim, M.

AU - Fortier, K.

AU - Fowler, C. M.

AU - Fox, J.

AU - Gröller, H.

AU - Guzewich, S.

AU - Hara, T.

AU - Harada, Y.

AU - Holsclaw, G.

AU - Jain, S. K.

AU - Jolitz, R.

AU - Leblanc, F.

AU - Lee, C. O.

AU - Lee, Y.

AU - Lefevre, F.

AU - Lillis, R.

AU - Livi, R.

AU - Lo, D.

AU - Mayyasi, M.

AU - McClintock, W.

AU - McEnulty, T.

AU - Modolo, R.

AU - Montmessin, F.

AU - Morooka, M.

AU - Nagy, A.

AU - Olsen, K.

AU - Peterson, W.

AU - Rahmati, A.

AU - Ruhunusiri, S.

AU - Russell, C. T.

AU - Sakai, S.

AU - Sauvaud, J. A.

AU - Seki, K.

AU - Steckiewicz, M.

AU - Stevens, M.

AU - Stewart, A. I F

AU - Stiepen, A.

AU - Stone, S.

AU - Tenishev, V.

AU - Thiemann, E.

AU - Tolson, R.

AU - Toublanc, D.

AU - Vogt, M.

AU - Weber, T.

AU - Withers, P.

AU - Woods, T.

AU - Yelle, Roger

PY - 2015/11/6

Y1 - 2015/11/6

N2 - Coupling between the lower and upper atmosphere, combined with loss of gas from the upper atmosphere to space, likely contributed to the thin, cold, dry atmosphere of modern Mars. To help understand ongoing ion loss to space, the Mars Atmosphere and Volatile Evolution (MAVEN) spacecraft made comprehensive measurements of the Mars upper atmosphere, ionosphere, and interactions with the Sun and solar wind during an interplanetary coronal mass ejection impact in March 2015. Responses include changes in the bow shock and magnetosheath, formation of widespread diffuse aurora, and enhancement of pick-up ions. Observations and models both show an enhancement in escape rate of ions to space during the event. Ion loss during solar events early in Mars history may have been a major contributor to the long-Term evolution of the Mars atmosphere.

AB - Coupling between the lower and upper atmosphere, combined with loss of gas from the upper atmosphere to space, likely contributed to the thin, cold, dry atmosphere of modern Mars. To help understand ongoing ion loss to space, the Mars Atmosphere and Volatile Evolution (MAVEN) spacecraft made comprehensive measurements of the Mars upper atmosphere, ionosphere, and interactions with the Sun and solar wind during an interplanetary coronal mass ejection impact in March 2015. Responses include changes in the bow shock and magnetosheath, formation of widespread diffuse aurora, and enhancement of pick-up ions. Observations and models both show an enhancement in escape rate of ions to space during the event. Ion loss during solar events early in Mars history may have been a major contributor to the long-Term evolution of the Mars atmosphere.

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U2 - 10.1126/science.aad0210

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