Mean Hα+[N II]+[S II] EW inferred for star-forming galaxies at z ~ 5.1-5.4 using high-quality Spitzer/IRAC photometry

N. Rasappu, R. Smit, I. Labbé, R. J. Bouwens, Daniel P Stark, R. S. Ellis, P. A. Oesch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Recent Spitzer/InfraRed Array Camera (IRAC) photometric observations have revealed that rest-frame optical emission lines contribute significantly to the broad-band fluxes of highredshift galaxies. Specifically, in the narrow redshift range z ~ 5.1-5.4 the [3.6]-[4.5] colour is expected to be very red, due to contamination of the 4.5 μm band by the dominant Ha line, while the 3.6 μmfilter is free of nebular emission lines.We take advantage of newreductions of deep Spitzer/IRAC imaging over the Great Observatories Origins Deep Survey-North+South fields (Labbé et al. 2015) to obtain a clean measurement of the mean Ha equivalent width (EW) from the [3.6]-[4.5] colour in the redshift range z = 5.1-5.4. The selected sources either have measured spectroscopic redshifts (13 sources) or lie very confidently in the redshift range z = 5.1-5.4 based on the photometric redshift likelihood intervals (11 sources). Our zphot = 5.1-5.4 sample and zspec = 5.10-5.40 spectroscopic sample have a mean [3.6]-[4.5] colour of 0.31 ± 0.05 and 0.35 ± 0.07 mag, implying a rest-frame EW (Hα+[N II]+[S II]) of 665 ± 53 and 707 ± 74 Å, respectively, for sources in these samples. These values are consistent albeit slightly higher than derived by Stark et al. at z ~ 4, suggesting an evolution to higher values of the Hα+[N II]+[S II] EWat z > 2. Using the 3.6 μm band, which is free of emission line contamination, we perform robust spectral energy distribution fitting and find a median specific star formation rate of sSFR = 17+2 -5 Gyr-1, 7+1 -2 × higher than at z ~ 2. We find no strong correlation (<2σ) between the Hα+[N II]+[S II] EW and the stellar mass of sources. Before the advent of JWST, improvements in these results will come through an expansion of current spectroscopic samples and deeper Spitzer/IRAC measurements.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3886-3895
Number of pages10
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume461
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2016

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photometry
cameras
galaxies
stars
color
contamination
observatory
James Webb Space Telescope
star formation rate
spectral energy distribution
stellar mass
light emission
observatories
energy
broadband
intervals
expansion
distribution
rate

Keywords

  • Galaxies: evolution
  • Galaxies: formation
  • Galaxies: high-redshift

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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Mean Hα+[N II]+[S II] EW inferred for star-forming galaxies at z ~ 5.1-5.4 using high-quality Spitzer/IRAC photometry. / Rasappu, N.; Smit, R.; Labbé, I.; Bouwens, R. J.; Stark, Daniel P; Ellis, R. S.; Oesch, P. A.

In: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 461, No. 4, 01.10.2016, p. 3886-3895.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Rasappu, N. ; Smit, R. ; Labbé, I. ; Bouwens, R. J. ; Stark, Daniel P ; Ellis, R. S. ; Oesch, P. A. / Mean Hα+[N II]+[S II] EW inferred for star-forming galaxies at z ~ 5.1-5.4 using high-quality Spitzer/IRAC photometry. In: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 2016 ; Vol. 461, No. 4. pp. 3886-3895.
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abstract = "Recent Spitzer/InfraRed Array Camera (IRAC) photometric observations have revealed that rest-frame optical emission lines contribute significantly to the broad-band fluxes of highredshift galaxies. Specifically, in the narrow redshift range z ~ 5.1-5.4 the [3.6]-[4.5] colour is expected to be very red, due to contamination of the 4.5 μm band by the dominant Ha line, while the 3.6 μmfilter is free of nebular emission lines.We take advantage of newreductions of deep Spitzer/IRAC imaging over the Great Observatories Origins Deep Survey-North+South fields (Labb{\'e} et al. 2015) to obtain a clean measurement of the mean Ha equivalent width (EW) from the [3.6]-[4.5] colour in the redshift range z = 5.1-5.4. The selected sources either have measured spectroscopic redshifts (13 sources) or lie very confidently in the redshift range z = 5.1-5.4 based on the photometric redshift likelihood intervals (11 sources). Our zphot = 5.1-5.4 sample and zspec = 5.10-5.40 spectroscopic sample have a mean [3.6]-[4.5] colour of 0.31 ± 0.05 and 0.35 ± 0.07 mag, implying a rest-frame EW (Hα+[N II]+[S II]) of 665 ± 53 and 707 ± 74 {\AA}, respectively, for sources in these samples. These values are consistent albeit slightly higher than derived by Stark et al. at z ~ 4, suggesting an evolution to higher values of the Hα+[N II]+[S II] EWat z > 2. Using the 3.6 μm band, which is free of emission line contamination, we perform robust spectral energy distribution fitting and find a median specific star formation rate of sSFR = 17+2 -5 Gyr-1, 7+1 -2 × higher than at z ~ 2. We find no strong correlation (<2σ) between the Hα+[N II]+[S II] EW and the stellar mass of sources. Before the advent of JWST, improvements in these results will come through an expansion of current spectroscopic samples and deeper Spitzer/IRAC measurements.",
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AU - Labbé, I.

AU - Bouwens, R. J.

AU - Stark, Daniel P

AU - Ellis, R. S.

AU - Oesch, P. A.

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N2 - Recent Spitzer/InfraRed Array Camera (IRAC) photometric observations have revealed that rest-frame optical emission lines contribute significantly to the broad-band fluxes of highredshift galaxies. Specifically, in the narrow redshift range z ~ 5.1-5.4 the [3.6]-[4.5] colour is expected to be very red, due to contamination of the 4.5 μm band by the dominant Ha line, while the 3.6 μmfilter is free of nebular emission lines.We take advantage of newreductions of deep Spitzer/IRAC imaging over the Great Observatories Origins Deep Survey-North+South fields (Labbé et al. 2015) to obtain a clean measurement of the mean Ha equivalent width (EW) from the [3.6]-[4.5] colour in the redshift range z = 5.1-5.4. The selected sources either have measured spectroscopic redshifts (13 sources) or lie very confidently in the redshift range z = 5.1-5.4 based on the photometric redshift likelihood intervals (11 sources). Our zphot = 5.1-5.4 sample and zspec = 5.10-5.40 spectroscopic sample have a mean [3.6]-[4.5] colour of 0.31 ± 0.05 and 0.35 ± 0.07 mag, implying a rest-frame EW (Hα+[N II]+[S II]) of 665 ± 53 and 707 ± 74 Å, respectively, for sources in these samples. These values are consistent albeit slightly higher than derived by Stark et al. at z ~ 4, suggesting an evolution to higher values of the Hα+[N II]+[S II] EWat z > 2. Using the 3.6 μm band, which is free of emission line contamination, we perform robust spectral energy distribution fitting and find a median specific star formation rate of sSFR = 17+2 -5 Gyr-1, 7+1 -2 × higher than at z ~ 2. We find no strong correlation (<2σ) between the Hα+[N II]+[S II] EW and the stellar mass of sources. Before the advent of JWST, improvements in these results will come through an expansion of current spectroscopic samples and deeper Spitzer/IRAC measurements.

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