Light at a magic-zero wavelength causes a zero energy shift for an atom. We measured the longest magic-zero wavelength for ground state potassium atoms to be λzero=768.9712(15) nm, and we show how this measurement provides an improved experimental benchmark for atomic structure calculations. This λzero measurement determines the ratio of the potassium atom D1 and D2 line strengths with record precision. It also demonstrates a new application for atom interferometry, and we discuss how decoherence will fundamentally limit future measurements of magic-zero wavelengths.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)