Measures of deficit unawareness for predicted performance experiments

Michael W. Trosset, Alfred W Kaszniak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

39 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Predicted performance experiments attempt to quantify an impaired individual's awareness of his or her deficit. These experiments measure perceived ability by the individual's prediction of his or her performance on a specific cognitive task and actual ability by his or her subsequent performance on that task. To date, the most comprehensive predicted performance experiment is the one proposed and implemented by McGlynn and Kaszniak (1991b). This experiment is potentially capable of removing a number of influences that may be confounded with deficit unawareness; however, it is not obvious what method of quantitative analysis best exploits this capability. In the present report, several possibilities are discussed. The limitations of McGlynn and Kaszniak's method are identified, and a more satisfying measure of deficit unawareness is proposed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)315-322
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the International Neuropsychological Society
Volume2
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1996

Fingerprint

Aptitude
Task Performance and Analysis

Keywords

  • Anosognosia
  • Dementia
  • Measurement
  • Metamemory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Neurology
  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Measures of deficit unawareness for predicted performance experiments. / Trosset, Michael W.; Kaszniak, Alfred W.

In: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, Vol. 2, No. 4, 1996, p. 315-322.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{cc7ab0cd3a09430f8b77e12adb79fda5,
title = "Measures of deficit unawareness for predicted performance experiments",
abstract = "Predicted performance experiments attempt to quantify an impaired individual's awareness of his or her deficit. These experiments measure perceived ability by the individual's prediction of his or her performance on a specific cognitive task and actual ability by his or her subsequent performance on that task. To date, the most comprehensive predicted performance experiment is the one proposed and implemented by McGlynn and Kaszniak (1991b). This experiment is potentially capable of removing a number of influences that may be confounded with deficit unawareness; however, it is not obvious what method of quantitative analysis best exploits this capability. In the present report, several possibilities are discussed. The limitations of McGlynn and Kaszniak's method are identified, and a more satisfying measure of deficit unawareness is proposed.",
keywords = "Anosognosia, Dementia, Measurement, Metamemory",
author = "Trosset, {Michael W.} and Kaszniak, {Alfred W}",
year = "1996",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "2",
pages = "315--322",
journal = "Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society",
issn = "1355-6177",
publisher = "Cambridge University Press",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Measures of deficit unawareness for predicted performance experiments

AU - Trosset, Michael W.

AU - Kaszniak, Alfred W

PY - 1996

Y1 - 1996

N2 - Predicted performance experiments attempt to quantify an impaired individual's awareness of his or her deficit. These experiments measure perceived ability by the individual's prediction of his or her performance on a specific cognitive task and actual ability by his or her subsequent performance on that task. To date, the most comprehensive predicted performance experiment is the one proposed and implemented by McGlynn and Kaszniak (1991b). This experiment is potentially capable of removing a number of influences that may be confounded with deficit unawareness; however, it is not obvious what method of quantitative analysis best exploits this capability. In the present report, several possibilities are discussed. The limitations of McGlynn and Kaszniak's method are identified, and a more satisfying measure of deficit unawareness is proposed.

AB - Predicted performance experiments attempt to quantify an impaired individual's awareness of his or her deficit. These experiments measure perceived ability by the individual's prediction of his or her performance on a specific cognitive task and actual ability by his or her subsequent performance on that task. To date, the most comprehensive predicted performance experiment is the one proposed and implemented by McGlynn and Kaszniak (1991b). This experiment is potentially capable of removing a number of influences that may be confounded with deficit unawareness; however, it is not obvious what method of quantitative analysis best exploits this capability. In the present report, several possibilities are discussed. The limitations of McGlynn and Kaszniak's method are identified, and a more satisfying measure of deficit unawareness is proposed.

KW - Anosognosia

KW - Dementia

KW - Measurement

KW - Metamemory

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0030178111&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0030178111&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 9375180

AN - SCOPUS:0030178111

VL - 2

SP - 315

EP - 322

JO - Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society

JF - Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society

SN - 1355-6177

IS - 4

ER -